Wild cucumber for garden decoration

Wild cucumber for garden decoration

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Each person has his own plant - a symbol of childhood. For many, this is echinocystis, but they do not even suspect that such a tricky word was called a powerful liana, which then occupied the fences of kindergartens, schools, cozy wastelands remarkably hidden from the eyes of adults. The children were happy to make handicrafts there from the amusing thorny "cucumbers" that grew on this plant: a large cucumber - a body, a small one - a head. If you want, collect the prince with a cloak of scarlet mallow petals, if you want - a good horse. And there is a fluffy tail - inflorescences of the same "cucumber", soft cream and very fragrant ...


  • Origin and brief description of echinocystis
  • Growth features
  • The use of echinocystis in vertical gardening of the site
  • Sowing and plant care features

Even now, this rather decorative liana is often found in the backyards of the country, along the banks of rivulets, climbing the walls of ravines, stubborn and indestructible. What kind of plant is this - echinocystis?

Origin and brief description of echinocystis

North America is considered its homeland, from where the exotic liana was brought to Europe in the last century, settling in many in botanical gardens and collections of lovers of novelties. From there, little by little, the "enterprising" liana spread to Eastern Europe, Asia, the Caucasus, and grows in the south of Siberia, in Primorye, in China and Japan!

Echinocystis is an annual liana with a long (up to 6 m) stem clinging to the support with numerous modified antennae leaves. The leaves are light green, rough, resembling cucumber leaves, and numerous fruits are similar to pot-bellied green cucumbers, only very prickly.

But it is clear where the similarity comes from - echinocystis is from the pumpkin family, and even its fruits are scientifically called “pumpkins”. And the seeds are similar to pumpkin seeds - there are 4 of them in each fruit.

This "cucumber" learned how to scatter them in all directions. In rainy weather, the juice bursts so much from the inside of the seed chamber that the fruit bursts and the seeds scatter at high speed to a distance of 8-10 meters. Neither give nor take - mad cucumber! This is how echinocystis vigorously conquers a place in the sun.

But his flowers do not look like cucumber. Small white, they are collected in large numbers in loose inflorescences with a delicate honey aroma, to which various pollinating insects flock in many.

Growth features

In our country, the peak of popularity of echinocystis fell in the 70s, this plant conquered everyone with its unpretentiousness. In fact, he does not need any special conditions - only sun and moisture. Surprisingly, this foreigner easily "clogs" local plants due to his adaptability to any conditions and multiple self-seeding. Delicate in appearance, its stems easily climb on any support, clinging to the antennae and receiving the blessed rays of the sun.

Seeds overwinter well in the soil and even, thanks to cold stratification, get good stimulation for spring germination. Echinocystis is absolutely not picky about soils, there would be moisture, and where to grow, he does not care, whether it is the outskirts of the city or the river bank. Diseases and pests bypass it, which greatly contributes to its prosperity.

The use of echinocystis in vertical gardening of the site

Soon the “wild cucumber” would have turned completely wild, but suddenly the favorable gaze of modern landscape designers turned to him. For them, the eternal problem is the organization of vertical gardening of sites. There are not very many plants that can create a full-fledged green screen or shade a gazebo within a month or two.

Moreover, echinocystis will not only quickly create a dense shadow, it will also decorate the site, because its delicate inflorescences are quite spectacular!

And the smell? A subtle honey aroma will fill the garden all summer long and attract insects to the garden and orchard, which will increase the yield of vegetables and fruits. And how beautiful in autumn and winter are the dried "lanterns" of Echinocystis, intricately hung by it on bushes and trees. The only negative is abundant self-seeding. You will either have to pick off the green "hedgehogs" of the fruit until they are cracked, or fight the seedlings in the spring (by the way, they are very similar to the cucumber ones).

Sowing and plant care features

If you are interested in the idea of ​​growing a wonderful liana on your site, then all you need to do is purchase seeds and sow them in the fall in the place where there is a need for a good fast-growing green "wall".

In order not to forget and not accidentally weed the sprouts, it is advisable to mark the sowing sites with "beacons", special plastic labels.

Echinocystis will grow during spring sowing, however, not so amicably. If there is a need to speed up the landscaping of the object, then it is sown in a seedling method in April, placing two seeds in a glass and then removing the weaker sprout. At the end of May, the grown seedling is planted in open ground, preferably in a well-lit place. When planting, a universal mineral dressing is applied and watered abundantly. In the future, echinocystis does not require special attention, except for single irrigation in drought, garter and its formation on a trellis.

Pergolas, gazebos, verandas, garden trellises can serve as objects of landscaping with the help of such a vine. Echinocystis looks elegant on special tapestries and screens that cover unsightly areas: compost bins, utility blocks and toilets.

No wonder they say that the new is the long forgotten old. So the "old" echinocystis will show itself in a new way on our plots, subordinate to the skillful hand of the gardener.

Watch the video: What happens if you eat papaya seeds every day (June 2022).


  1. Dhoire

    the Excellent idea and is timely

  2. Fraomar

    You are mistaken. Let's discuss it.

  3. Mac An Tsagairt

    Bravo, your phrase will come in handy

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