We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Among the ornamental shrubs used to create hedges, a special place is occupied by the white turf elegantissima.
Frost-resistant and unpretentious, Elegantissima is perfect for growing in the northern regions.
- Derain white elegantissima, description and photo, as it is called in latin
- Derain white, where to buy, terms and rules of planting
- Features of care for Elegantissim turf: watering, feeding
- Pruning, the principle of crown formation
- Propagation by cuttings, seeds, layering
- Pests and diseases: control and preventive measures
- How to preserve the Elegantissima tree in winter
- Derain white Elegantissima in landscape design, creating a hedge
Derain white elegantissima, description and photo, as it is called in latin
Derain white elegantissima (or cornus alba elegantissima in Latin) got its name from the light shade of flowers and fruits. In addition, even the foliage is noticeable with a light border along the edge of the plate.
Other characteristic features of the plant include:
- Height - 2.5-3 m, while the shrub is very spreading and can reach up to 3 m in diameter;
- Shoots can range in color from deep scarlet to brownish. Young shoots are distinguished by a paler shade. At first they are olive and only in autumn the bark turns red;
- Flowers are collected in lush inflorescences, first appear in the third year after planting twice a year, the first time at the end of May, the second in September;
- The fruits are represented by yellowish drupes, similar to small balls about a centimeter in diameter. The sod fruit is not edible;
- Leaves are oval, pointed on one side with a slightly corrugated surface. Color - gray-green above, light gray below, changing by autumn.
The average life span of this ornamental plant is half a century.
So, having landed Elegantissim, you can forget about the problem of the annual selection of new annuals for fifty years.
Let's watch an interesting video about the Elegantissima white turf plant:
Derain white, where to buy, terms and rules of planting
The plant can be purchased either directly from the nursery or ordered via the Internet. The last option is quite common, it is only important to check the sites before ordering so as not to stumble upon scammers.
The timing of disembarkation depends on how exactly the seating takes place. So freshly harvested seeds can be sown in autumn, and purchased planting material in spring. In addition, cuttings are planted in the spring.
In the fall, layering is also performed.
In this case, it is important not to be late. It is recommended to disembark before the onset of the first frost. Derain must have time to settle down in a new place.
After the acquisition, it is important to plant the shrub correctly, which is not so difficult even for an inept gardener.
Derain is quite hardy, however, it is worth paying attention to the correct landing:
- When selecting a site, it is recommended to give preference to well-lit open areas. Do not plant elegantissima in shaded areas, as lack of light greatly inhibits growth. In this case, the foliage is significantly narrowed and the lush shrub becomes too inconspicuous as a result. If there is no way out at all, you can stop at partial shade;
- The optimal soil will be slightly moist and fertile. However, it can exist on poor soils, if you do not forget about the systematic introduction of fertilizing;
- It is optimal to transplant the acquired elegantissima by the transshipment method together with the earthen ball. This will help protect it from damage and reduce stress;
- It is important to provide the plant with a drainage system, and cover the top layer with a layer of mulch after planting. This will help retain moisture in the soil and protect the young seedling from weeds.
A properly prepared site and soil is the key to the lush growth and flowering of the shrub.
Compliance with simple rules will help in the future to avoid many problems in care.
Features of care for Elegantissima turf
Despite the fact that Elegantissima is an unpretentious and persistent plant, there are a couple of points to keep in mind.
With proper watering, feeding and pruning, the tree will not remain in debt and will thank you with lush color and fast growth.
Watering elegantissima is often unnecessary, however, it is not worth allowing the soil to dry out. The optimal dose is two buckets of water per bush, the frequency of watering is 2 times a month.
It is worth watering only in the evening or in the morning, before or after the heat begins. If the weather forecast promises too hot a day, you should avoid watering altogether, which can lead to burns on the foliage.
Frequent feeding for the variety is also not necessary, since the shrub does not need a lot of fertilizer. Enough of a layer of nutritious soil mixture, which was laid on the bottom of the hole two weeks before planting. This fertilizer will be sufficient for two to three years.
It will be beneficial to introduce humus under a young seedling.
Additional fertilizing is necessary only in case of improper pruning or a disease that negatively affected the condition of the plant.
A repeated complex mineral dressing should be carried out after three years. At the same time, the bush does not need a large amount of organic matter, you can fertilize the soil under the bush with peat in July, but this is not at all necessary.
Pruning, the principle of crown formation
The first pruning can be done in the third year after the turf planting. In this case, it is recommended to remove a third of all branches and, first of all, old and damaged shoots.
This procedure can be carried out at any time of the year except for the time of active juice flow.
In this case, the result of trimming may differ depending on the time when it is carried out.
So, if the formation of the crown was carried out in the spring and almost all the shoots were removed and only a few tens of centimeters were left, one should expect a set of green mass with a small flowering.
When pruning tall shrubs in the autumn, you should expect abundant flowering next year. In this case, only three or four main shoots are cut off.
Since the plant grows very quickly in width, the formation of the crown is recommended to be carried out systematically.
Once every three years, it is recommended to cut all old shoots almost to the root.
Let's watch a useful video and find out how and when to trim the tree:
Propagation by cuttings, seeds, layering
There are three breeding methods for elegantissima, but the most popular is the layering method.
The popularity of this method is due to its simplicity, the procedure itself consists of the following steps:
- With the onset of spring, take one of the young branches and bend it to the ground;
- Dig the bent shoot to a depth of no more than 12 cm;
- It is imperative to fix the shoot so that it does not rise above the soil.
It is important not to forget to water the dug-in branch systematically. By autumn, the cuttings will take root, forming an independent young plant, which can already be transplanted to a new place.
The second simplest way to reproduce Elegantissim is by cuttings. Woody branches are often used for seating, since it is more difficult for green to take root. It is worth starting the process in spring, ideally combining it with periodic pruning.
After part of the shoot has been cut, it is recommended:
- Check the stalk by bending it slightly. If it breaks or cannot unbend, it does not fit. If after that the branch does not break and straightens, it is suitable for subsequent reproduction elegantissima;
- It is recommended to plant the selected planting material in containers filled with a mixture of humus soil and sand. Plant at an angle of 45 °, first watering the soil a little;
- After planting, send the container to a greenhouse with a temperature in the range of 20-35 ° C. It is important not to forget to systematically spray the soil, not allowing it to dry out. But do not be too zealous, excess moisture will not please the cuttings;
- By the fall, the cuttings should already take root, they can be transplanted to a site in open ground. To prevent the plant from freezing, it is recommended to cover it with spruce branches without fail.
Regardless of which species and variety the dogwood belongs to, when planted by cuttings, it will retain all the features of the mother shrub.
The last and dexterous way of reproduction is by seeds.
They can be collected and planted immediately in the fall. When planting, it is important not to deepen them more than 5 cm.
Seedlings are characterized by very slow growth. The first shoots can be expected only in the third year of life, and the three-meter height of the shoots can be seen only in the tenth year of the plant's life.
It is not necessary to plant the seeds immediately, they can be postponed, but it is important to remember that they remain viable for up to three years.
Due to the slow growth rate, this breeding method is rarely practiced.
Pests and diseases: control and preventive measures
Another plus of this shrub is the fact that it rarely gets sick. However, only adult plants are distinguished by such resistance.
Young shrubs often suffer from attacks of fungal pathologies, especially powdery mildew, which often attacks seedlings up to two years old.
You can understand that the dogwood suffers from a fungal disease by the white spots on the foliage and lower shoots at the initial stage. But these spots quickly affect the entire shrub, significantly damaging it.
If you do not start the treatment of the young Elegantissim in time, drops of moisture similar to dew will appear on the spots. In the most advanced cases, powdery mildew destroys the shrub.
First of all, he stops flowering, and then dies. In addition, the affected turf also infects neighboring plants.
The disease can be provoked by:
- too dense landing;
- lack of moisture;
- excess nitrogen in the soil.
To prevent or stop the development of the fungus at an early stage, it is recommended to turn to folk remedies:
- decoction of horsetail,
- water tincture of garlic;
- soap solution;
- a mixture of soda and soap.
If this does not help, you should pay attention to specialized fungicides.
Pests do not attack white deren very often, but the bush cannot be insured from their attack. Aphids are considered the most dangerous enemy of Elegantissim. But you can cope with it with a regular laundry soap solution.
After treating the plant with soapy water, it is important to rinse it off the foliage with a gentle stream directly from the hose. If this does not help, it is recommended to turn to insecticides.
How to preserve the Elegantissima tree in winter
Since it is a resistant variety, it is not at all necessary to cover it for the winter. It can withstand a drop in temperature. Even if the temperature fluctuations were too strong, the shoots quickly recover by spring. The most affected - just cut it off.
Only young seedlings need shelter for the winter. Too delicate, they may not withstand the cold, which cannot be said about adult plants.
Derain white Elegantissima in landscape design, creating a hedge
Due to its beauty, derain quickly and tightly entered the plans of landscape designers. It is often used to create a hedge.
However, it must be borne in mind that elegantissima grows very quickly, the shoots will need to be pruned from time to time.
To keep the hedge looking normal, it is important not to skip systematic trimming. During the year, dry and damaged branches should be removed between deeper pruning.
Derain white elegantissima is an unpretentious ornamental shrub, ideal for creating a hedge.
Perfect for landscaping large parks as well as small gardens.