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An evergreen coniferous tree, these are the words used to describe the abies koreana fir. This culture is widely used in the creation of landscape designs, for example, for the organization of a hedge or an alpine slide.
But in order to avoid any problems, it is necessary to familiarize yourself in advance with all the nuances of growing and the whims of this tree.
- Fir abies koreana, description of what needles and fruits look like
- Where it comes from, distribution area
- Most popular varieties
- Planting Korean fir: requirements for lighting and soil
- Care instructions: watering, feeding
- Pruning guidelines
- Reproduction of fir abies koreana: seeds, layering, cuttings
- Fight against common diseases and pests
- The use of Korean fir in dunshaft design
- Abies koreana reviews
Fir abies koreana, description of what needles and fruits look like
Abies Koreana or Korean fir belongs to the conifer family. However, this species, unlike others, has a number of features.
- The height of the tree is more than four meters.
- The crown shape is conical.
- The needles are short (its length is one to two centimeters), soft, dark green in color, there is a slight sheen. On the inner side of the needles there are two stripes of a light green hue.
- Fruits in the form of cylindrical purple cones. They are five to seven centimeters long and two and a half centimeters in diameter. Fruit ripening takes place throughout the whole year, and at the end of autumn the cones open and seeds appear.
- The tree prefers a sunny area, resistant to wind and cold.
Lives about one hundred and fifty years.
Let's watch an interesting video about the fir plant:
Where it comes from, distribution area
The habitat of the Korean fir is the southern part of Korea, namely the island of volcanoes called Jeju.
The needles, thanks to their attractive data and unpretentious care, the tree has won leadership among its relatives and spread throughout the world: in America, East and South Asia and the countries of Europe.
Most popular varieties
Consider the most widespread varieties, indicate them in table 1.
|Variety name||Description and features|
It is a dwarf species.
Has an oval crown.
At the age of ten it will reach a height of just over half a meter.
The needles are dark green in color, at a young age they have a more saturated color, and then darken.
The length of the fruit is seven centimeters, the color is purple, with hints of green.
The shape of the crown is spherical (sometimes cone-shaped).
In height by the tenth year of life, it reaches ninety centimeters.
The crown is conical or pyramidal in shape.
In ten years it grows by one and a half to two meters.
The color of the needles on the outside is dark green, and on the inside - white and blue.
Fruits are blue, purple or purple in color.
The tree grows very quickly, it grows five to seven centimeters in a year.
The shape of the crown is pyramidal or conical.
Branched shoots, smooth trunk.
Many fruits are formed, their color is blue-violet
Planting Korean fir: requirements for lighting and soil
When planting fir, special attention should be paid to the choice of land and soil.
Let's discuss the requirements for the site. In this matter, the tree is quite demanding. Good lighting is a must. Lack of sunlight and even partial shade for some varieties becomes destructive.
If tall trees grow near the chosen location, they should be removed, as their foliage will create shadow.
Almost any option is used as a soil. The main thing is to refine and feed the soil. However, preference is given to acidic soils, sandy soil and soil with a large amount of organic additives.
Experts do not recommend using wetlands, as they have a high level of moisture. If it is not possible to purchase another place, then a drainage system needs to be installed.
Care instructions: watering, feeding
Care is required classic:
- top dressing;
Young seedlings need more water, as they are actively growing and strengthening the root system. As soon as the planting has been carried out, after fifteen days, the first watering is carried out, the procedure is repeated every fifteen days.
The same goes for container-grown trees. Adult trees are watered up to three times during the entire growing season. If there is a severe drought, then watered several times a month.
After watering, the soil is puffed up and covered with mulch. For mulch, needles or sawdust are used.
Top dressing is carried out three years after planting. Special substances developed for the care of coniferous crops are used as fertilizers.
Korean fir needs sanitary pruning, it is carried out as a prophylaxis against pests. Dry and diseased branches and cones are removed.
Pruning is also carried out to form the crown. The central shoots are cut off, this allows you to achieve branched and dense needles.
Reproduction of fir abies koreana: seeds, layering, cuttings
Reproduction in all these ways is effective. The main thing is to do everything right. For clarity, we will place the main points in table 2.
To obtain good material, the buds are picked early and then dried until the seeds are ripe.
Then stratification is carried out.
For thirty days, keep the seeds in a wet substrate and a growth stimulator.
Planting is first carried out in containers and left in greenhouses.
Planting in open soil is carried out in late October or early March.
Only annual shoots are used for reproduction.
The part with the apical bud is carefully cut off, the length of which is fifteen to twenty centimeters.
One edge is dipped in Kornevin for 24 hours, and then placed in a container with earth, mixed with humus and sand, and placed under a film or glass.
A year later, the containers are taken outside for hardening, and at the end of autumn they are transplanted.
This is the easiest method of all.
In the spring, the lower shoots are buried in the ground five centimeters deep, and fixed with staples.
For the winter period, they are insulated, and after a couple of years they are disconnected from the mother bush.
Fight against common diseases and pests
Root decay is possible. This is due to waterlogging of the soil.
Fungal diseases. For prophylaxis, diseased branches are removed, and the sections are processed with Bordeaux liquid and garden varnish.
Fungus infection occurs with a very dense crown. Therefore, sometimes it is necessary to carry out sanitary pruning.
Possible damage by the following insects:
- spruce moth;
To avoid contamination, trees are treated with insecticidal substances.
The use of Korean fir in landscape design
Korean fir, due to its versatility, is widely used to create landscape design. The tree looks harmoniously together with other shrubs, plants, trees and compositions of flowers and herbs.
For example, you can plant larch, maple, spruce and pine nearby. Although the needles look great in a single planting.
To create landscape design, abies koreana fir is used to create alpine hills, green hedges and rocky gardens, for squares and parks.
The main thing is to plant all the plants correctly, choosing shades and growth. For example, Chinese fir has dwarf varieties and should be planted with flower arrangements, small shrubs such as juniper or thuja.
Let's watch a video about how beautiful the fir looks on the site and learn about the features of the different species of this plant:
Abies koreana reviews
This plant is very much appreciated by gardeners. The reviews are mostly positive.
First of all, among the advantages, the slow growth of the tree is distinguished, this allows not to change the composition in the garden every year.
The species is also famous for its frost resistance, the absence of the need for pruning and the beautiful shape of the crown.
There are also negative reviews, many emphasize one drawback - the plant is susceptible to attacks by harmful insects, especially aphids.
So, abies koreana fir is an excellent plant for creating landscape compositions, and is just suitable as a garden decoration. Compliance with the recommendations for care and planting will avoid all kinds of problems.