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Momordika Kokhinhinskaya, description and photo, cultivation, use for medicinal purposes and in cooking

Momordika Kokhinhinskaya, description and photo, cultivation, use for medicinal purposes and in cooking



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Momordika Kokhinhinskaya is an exotic fruit that has long been used for culinary and medicinal purposes. This plant is popularly called Chinese melon or Indian cucumber.

To grow this exotic in European countries, you need to know the planting rules and adhere to them. Let's discuss in more detail.

Content:

  • What is momordica, types
  • Momordika kokhinkhinskaya - description and photo
  • What taste do the fruits of gaka have, how they are eaten
  • Research results of momordica fruits: what they contain, benefits and harms
  • Where to buy Momordica seeds of Cochinchino
  • How to plant correctly
  • Plant care
  • Harvesting and storage of hook fruits, yield
  • The use of the hook in cooking

What is momordica, types

Momordica, Corella or Gak is the name of the same annual plant that belongs to climbing crops and to the pumpkin family. The plant came to us from Asian countries. In the Russian Federation and in Ukraine, these fruits are little known, cultivation is possible, but only in greenhouses or greenhouses (planted on the balcony).

The plant looks like a herbaceous liana, as it twists very quickly, braiding any structure. In shape and appearance, the fruits resemble a melon or a large cucumber.

From the Latin language, the word "momordica" means biting. This name is not accidental, there are glandular hairs on the stem. Severe irritation is possible when touching the skin. It is recommended to carry out the collection of fruits with gloves.

Plant species:

  • Kokhinkhinskaya.
  • Harantia.
  • Drakosha.
  • Gosh.
  • Basalmic.

Each species is unique in its own way, there are differences in the rules of planting and growing.

Find out more about Momordica by watching the video:

] video: https: //youtu.be/FA7eCk0ELl8]

Momordika kokhinkhinskaya - description and photo

The stem of the plant is strong, although this cannot be said due to its small thickness. The length ranges from two and a half to four meters in height. Curls well.

Leaves are green, large. They look like zucchini or cucumber leaves.

Inflorescences are yellow. Female flowers are located on small pedicels, male flowers on high peduncles. Initially, male inflorescences bloom, and then female ones. The flowers have a jasmine scent.

The size of the fruit is twenty to twenty-five centimeters in length and twelve centimeters in diameter.

The peel is uneven, warty, there are small growths and tubercles. Momordica's color is yellow or light orange, depending on maturity.

The seeds are flat and have a rich smell. The color is dark red.

The pulp has a slight bitterness, juicy.

Taste and useful properties largely depend on the correct and timely collection.

What taste do the fruits of gaka have, how they are eaten

You should only eat unripe gaku, since it is in this state that the pulp has a delicious sour taste. In this state, the fruit is green or yellow in color. There is practically no bitterness. Such seeds are eaten even raw.

They are added to dishes with poultry, fish, meat and combined with vegetables. Momordica can be stuffed, canned, boiled, pickled and fried. Prepare delicious jams and desserts based on it.

In mature form, momordica is very bitter, so it needs to be processed before eating, you can soak it in salt water overnight.

Ripe fruits are orange in color, sometimes there is a pink tint. In this form, the fruit cracks, and the seeds fly apart on their own.

In addition to seeds and fruits, you can use the stem, root and leaves for food. For example, foliage is added to soup or salad as a spice.

In both cases, the product has useful properties and is used in alternative medicine, for the preparation of infusions and decoctions. But in cooking, preference is given to the first option.

Research results of momordica fruits: what they contain, benefits and harms

This plant is the leader among others in its family, due to its composition. It contains many nutrients, phytonutrients and trace elements that are beneficial to the human body.

One hundred grams of the product contains:

  • 1424 milligrams of potassium;
  • 200 milligrams calcium
  • up to 30 milligrams of iron;
  • ten milligrams of beta carotene.

Through long-term research, it has been noted that 81 phytonutrients are included in the fruit, for example:

  • alanine;
  • glycine;
  • menthol;
  • stearic acid;
  • arginine.
  • The pulp and seeds of Indian cucumber contain:
  • phosphorus;
  • iodine;
  • nickel;
  • riboflavin;
  • sodium;
  • niacin;
  • vitamin C;
  • manganese;
  • glutamic acid;
  • magnesium;
  • copper;
  • manganese.

A total of 59 trace elements.

Thanks to this composition, the plant is very useful.

It is actively used by:

  • To lower blood cholesterol.
  • To normalize sugar in diabetes mellitus and stimulate insulin production.
  • Effective in the treatment of cancer.
  • The drug based on the product is used for colds, flu and skin diseases such as psoriasis.
  • During research, they found that fruits and leaves can destroy streptococci and staphylococci.
  • The fruits have an antiseptic effect and are widely used for severe headaches.
  • They have a positive effect on the condition of the joints, therefore they are used in the treatment of rheumatism and joint diseases. They have an analgesic effect on muscle pain.
  • Promote a speedy recovery from scarlet fever, measles, chickenpox and mumps.

In addition to useful properties, it is important to know about the dangers and contraindications.

Cochin's momordica should be introduced into the diet gradually, in small portions, it can cause allergies. First of all, an allergic reaction manifests itself in the form of a stool disorder.

This fruit is contraindicated in such cases:

  • The period of bearing a child. The substances that make up the plant can terminate a pregnancy or cause a strong uterine tone.
  • The period of breastfeeding can provoke an allergy in the baby.
  • Children under the age of three due to the variety of ingredients. The possible reaction to the child's body has not been fully understood.
  • In diseases of the larynx, it causes the development of an inflammatory process and perspiration.
  • With urolithiasis and gallstone disease. Many of the components that make up the composition cause the removal of stones.
  • The product will be harmful if a person suffers from intestinal diverticulosis. Severe colic, cramps and pain will appear.
  • Exercise caution during menstruation. The product can cause bleeding and prolong the cycle.

By exercising caution, health problems can be avoided.

Where to buy Momordica seeds of Cochinchino

It is better to buy seeds in a specialized store or order them online.

Before buying, you need to contact the consultant at the specified phone number to inquire about the quality of the goods and the implementation of the shipment.

Seeds are usually sent by mail, delivery in 1-3 days.

Let's watch the video and find out more about the healing properties of Momordica Kokhinkhinskaya:

How to plant correctly

There are certain requirements:

  • Momordica needs a well-lit area, while the garden bed should be slightly in the shade.
  • Do not plant in places where water accumulates to avoid root rot.
  • If the seedlings were grown in a greenhouse, transplanting is carried out at the end of May, at the beginning of June. An earlier landing is also possible, in case of a warm spring.
  • The garden bed is prepared in advance. A site is dug, lime dressing is introduced to normalize acidity. Seedlings are planted next spring. Transplanting seedlings is carried out with very careful movements, the root system is very thin and fragile, one wrong movement can break it.

It is important to build a trellis, as the plant winds.

The distance between the holes is at least 60 cm. It is important to water the hole and fertilize before planting.

In Ukraine and Russia, planting is best done in a greenhouse or greenhouse. If this is not possible, and planting is carried out in an open area, then at night, and in the rainy time of the day, the plant is covered with a film.

The planting process is complete, now it all depends on the care.

Plant care

Step-by-step instruction:

  • Step 1: Watering. The plant is hygrophilous, so watering should be moderate, to prevent dryness of the soil. Abundant watering is carried out in a hot period. In the heat, it is poured every 2-3 days, one bucket goes under each plant. If the moisture evaporates quickly, then mulching is carried out with compost or dry peat.
  • Shah 2: Building a support. A grid or vertical trellis is suitable as a support. The lowest crossbar must be at least ninety centimeters high.
  • Step 3: Fertilizers. Nitrogen and potassium are used as top dressing. You can also make a product based on poultry manure and cow dung, in a two-to-one ratio. The product is diluted in 10 liters of water. Fertilizer is administered monthly, until the end of fruit formation.
  • Step 4: Cropping. It is important not to allow the crown to thicken. Side shoots should not exceed 50 cm. It is enough to leave a few main shoots, and remove the rest as necessary. It is also worth getting rid of damaged leaves and branches, this will protect the plant from pests.

The recommendations are easy to use, following them will allow you to get a good harvest.

Harvesting and storage of hook fruits, yield

The collection is carried out on the eighth to tenth day after the appearance of the fruits. Only during this period there is no bitterness. The more fruits are plucked, the better the yield.

Momordiki are stored at a temperature of twelve degrees, no more than twenty days. In this case, the humidity in the room should not exceed 90 percent.

The use of the hook in cooking

In cooking, Chinese melon is used to prepare salads, fish and meat dishes. It is pickled, fried, salted and boiled. You can make delicious caviar or jam.

Fry the seeds in a skillet, breading in sour cream, eggs or flour. And then it is used as a spice for soup. The grated seeds are added to baked goods.

The fruits go well with yogurt, coconut, tomatoes and cucumbers.

So, the exotic fruit of momordica is not known to everyone. But seeds are readily available, and if all recommendations are followed, the plant can be grown at home. The fruits are delicious and very healthy.


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