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To plant a pine tree on your site, you do not have to buy a seedling in a nursery. It will be useful for novice gardeners to learn how to plant a pine tree taken from the forest in the fall, what care a young tree will require.
- Is it possible to transplant trees from the forest
- When and when is it better to replant pines and spruce
- How to choose the right tree
- Where is it better to plant pine
- Planting pine trees in the fall from the forest
- Pine transplant in winter
- Features of transplanting mountain and Crimean pines
- What kind of care does the seedling require?
- How to plant a pine tree in a pot
Is it possible to transplant trees from the forest
Transplanting wild-growing trees is often accompanied by their death, since they are painfully tolerant of changing conditions. And yet it is possible if you take into account some of the factors affecting the viability of the tree.
For planting pine trees from the forest to be successful, it is better to do it in early spring or late autumn. During these periods, the pine tree is in a dormant state and does not react so vividly to the changes that have taken place around it.
When and when is it better to replant pines and spruce
The most successful transplants of coniferous trees from the forest occur either in March-April or in October-November. Spring transplanting contributes to a quick return - in a month the owners of the site will be able to admire the reviving tree.
However, transplants are more successful in the autumn months.
During hibernation, a young pine tree manages to better adapt to new conditions.
How to choose the right tree
For transplanting to a personal plot, you should choose low pines. The optimal height of the tree is 60-100 cm. It is important to consider that a small seedling is much easier to deliver to your home. The desired age of the transplanted tree is 3-5 years.
Older trees may not adapt to new conditions, and young pines do not have enough vitality to easily transfer a transplant.
Dig a pine tree with a bayonet shovel, immersing it in the ground at a distance of 50-60 cm from the trunk. Dig deep enough so as not to damage the root system. The length of the root is most often identical to the height of the seedling.
A properly dug seedling on the roots should have a clod of earth weighing about 20 kg.
In addition to a shovel, you need to take with you a large piece of cloth and water. Immediately after digging out the seedling, a clod of earth that envelops its root system is wrapped in a wet cloth. Otherwise, bare roots may die within 10-15 minutes.
Let's watch a video about transplanting a pine:
Where is it better to plant pine
To plant a pine tree from the forest on your personal plot, you should carefully choose a suitable place. Do not dig a hole for a young tree in a place open to the wind. Pine is a forest tree, and drafts are not common for it.
Young seedlings transferred to unfamiliar conditions are especially sensitive to gusts of cold wind. A place for a pine tree should be selected quite quiet, but bright. The needles can be planted in the garden next to the fruit trees or near the house, the walls of which will protect it from drafts.
However, the pine should not be planted closer than 5 meters from the wall. While developing, the root system of a tree can destroy the foundation.
It is advisable to choose a place with a slight incline. It's also important to keep distance in mind. There must be a distance of at least 2.5 meters between trees. If you plan to grow a tall pine tree, you should step back from other trees at least 4.5 meters.
Pines and spruces actively take all the moisture from the soil. Other plants do not take root under such trees. It is advisable to take this fact into account before choosing a future site for planting.
Chernozem, ideal for fruit trees, is completely unsuitable for needles. The pine needs a sandy soil to provide drainage for its root system. It is important to take into account the groundwater level at the site.
If underground rivers are close enough to the surface, the tree may die several years after replanting. This is due to the fact that its deeper root system will begin to rot.
Planting pine trees in the fall from the forest
For a young pine tree, you need to dig a large enough hole. A clod of earth brought on the root system and crushed stone should fit there. The recommended depth is at least 70 cm. A small amount of natural fertilizer - horse or cow dung - can be placed on the bottom of the pit.
Manure must be sprinkled with a layer of soil - otherwise the root system may burn. Gardeners advise using gravel for drainage. When planting, the hole is filled with rubble 15-10 cm
A seedling dug out in the forest should not be kept outside the soil for a long time. It is best to plant the tree on the same day it was dug up. Moreover, a pine tree is planted along with a piece of cloth, in which its roots were wrapped with a lump of earth.
Over time, this tissue will rot and further fertilize the soil. Before placing the seedling in the pit, half a bucket of water is poured into it.
At the end of planting, the soil around is mulched. Gardeners recommend taking forest needles for this - it serves as an excellent natural antiseptic and repels parasites.
If the transplantation takes place in the spring, 20-25 g of nitrogen fertilizer is added to the hole just before planting the seedling. After 2 weeks, its active components will begin to actively promote the growth of the tree.
Transplantation in the autumn period occurs without such feeding, since there is no need to "wake up" a tree ready for hibernation.
The planted tree must be immediately poured with abundant water. For 7-10 days, the tree needs to be constantly watered. If subzero temperatures are not expected, the soil around the seedling should be constantly in a small swamp state.
Experienced gardeners advise not to neglect the orientation of the pine relative to the cardinal points. To do this, before going into the forest, you need to take a compass with you and determine the paws pointing north. In order not to be confused, a bright ribbon is tied on them.
When planting a seedling in your area, you should make sure that the same branches are directed to the north side.
Let's watch an interesting video about replanting pine trees in the fall from the forest:
Pine transplant in winter
Many gardeners believe that the best time to transplant forest needles is in winter. The tree is dug up with a large lump of frozen earth, without exposing the root system.
At the same time, young trees 1-2 years old are chosen. With such a transplant, the plant takes root 2 times faster.
Features of transplanting mountain and Crimean pines
Mountain and Crimean pines are quite popular varieties of needles. They are valued for their decorativeness, which they actively use to create various kinds of landscape designs.
Transplanting these varieties has some features:
- light-loving mountain - you can even plant in a shaded place, it will still take root, although it will not develop as quickly as we would like;
- Crimean - less frost-resistant, therefore, requires more thorough protection from frost in winter.
What kind of care does the seedling require?
In the first weeks after transplanting, the seedling requires frequent and fairly abundant watering. The tree should not be flooded "up to its ears" once a day. It is better to water it in dosage several times a day, constantly maintaining a relatively high level of soil moisture.
If the winter is dry and snowless, the tree needs to be watered even in frosts. However, it is not necessary to pour it abundantly; it is enough to provide a minimum amount of moisture. During this period, the plant is in hibernation, so there is no urgent need for a large amount of moisture.
If the owners do not plan to grow a tall tree, the pine should be pruned. All young branches are shortened by a third. This procedure is repeated every 2 years. As a result, the site will have a dense and lush, but low pine tree.
The first 2 years after transplanting, the roots of the seedling should be protected from frost.
This is especially important when it comes to trees transplanted in the fall. The lower part of the trunk and the ground around the seedling are wrapped in spandex or burlap.
Young pines need feeding. For this, seedlings are fertilized with complex mineral mixtures. 1-2 handfuls of fertilizer are thrown under a tree and poured with water for better absorption. The procedure is carried out 2 times a year - in spring and autumn.
Gradually, a litter of crumbling needles forms under the tree. It should never be removed. Such a "carpet" serves as an excellent fertilizer and reliable protection against harmful insects. In addition, the coniferous litter perfectly retains moisture.
How to plant a pine tree in a pot
A small coniferous tree in the apartment helps to purify the air and gives it a pleasant resinous aroma. You can buy this kind of home decoration at a nursery or flower shop. If you wish, you can try replanting a small seedling from the forest.
The transplanting procedure is similar to planting a pine tree on a personal plot. The main difference is the choice of pine. For a pot, seedlings of the appropriate size are needed.
Also, the forest guest should provide favorable conditions for life:
- ensuring a low temperature during wintering. The required parameters are from -7 to 10 degrees;
- an inflow of fresh air - a pot with a pine tree should be placed on the windowsill of a window facing north;
- lighting - conifers “don't like” shaded areas;
- timely watering. Unlike mature trees growing outdoors, small pines in pots need constant moisture in the soil;
- daily spraying with warm (20-25 degrees) water.
Transplanting forest needles to a personal plot is not associated with great difficulties. Pines and spruce trees are rather unpretentious.
In the presence of suitable soil and proper care in the first days after transplantation, forest guests successfully take root in new conditions.