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The composition of fresh and dry chicken manure, especially its use as a fertilizer

The composition of fresh and dry chicken manure, especially its use as a fertilizer



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Poultry manure is successfully used in agriculture for plant fertilization. This type of feeding is absorbed as quickly as mineral supplements, and is not inferior to them in terms of benefits for the harvest. Among the excrement of poultry, chicken is the most appreciated.

Content:

  1. Chicken droppings and their chemical composition
  2. The use of poultry excrement as fertilizer, what are the advantages
  3. Dry chicken manure composition
  4. Preparing liquid feed
  5. Chicken manure application rates
  6. The use of granulated chicken manure for fertilizing cucumbers, tomatoes, grapes

Chicken droppings and their chemical composition

Chicken excrement is readily available and inexpensive. In terms of the content of useful microelements, they surpass ordinary manure, as well as waste products of other poultry. The product is used in dry and liquid form.

Poultry droppings contain the following chemicals:

  • manganese
  • zinc
  • cobalt
  • copper
  • iron
  • nitrogen
  • potassium
  • magnesium
  • phosphoric acid
  • boron
  • sulfur

The quantitative content of these substances depends on the nutrition and method of keeping the chicken, its age. Fresh manure contains no more than 40% water. Its acidity does not exceed 7pH.

The use of poultry excrement, what are the benefits

In terms of the content of nutrients, poultry manure is several times higher than that of agricultural livestock. In addition, the concentration of trace elements in poultry excrement is an order of magnitude higher, so less fertilization is needed. This results in significant cost savings.

Environmentally friendly, non-toxic, fireproof material. It improves the structure of the earth and its permeability.

Equally effective on all types of soil. The substance does not cake in the soil and is not washed out from it by atmospheric precipitation.

Due to its easy dissolution in water, poultry manure is well absorbed by plants. It enriches the soil and acts in it for several years after being added. In the first year, the substance affects the harvest like a mineral fertilizer, in the following years - like livestock manure.

Using poultry excrement helps to increase yields and accelerate crop growth. In addition, the taste and quality of the edible parts of plants improves, and they develop resistance to diseases, unfavorable conditions of keeping, drought and uncomfortable temperatures.

Chicken manure also has disadvantages. Due to the high content of uric acid, it in its pure form inhibits the growth of seedlings, burns the roots, which leads to the death of the plant.

Excessive use of bird excrement threatens the accumulation of nitrates. Overfeeding of plants leads to increased growth of tops and underdevelopment of fruits. There is a risk of spoiling the taste and texture of vegetables and fruits. In addition, the content of worms and pathogenic bacteria carries the risk of infection with helminths and various infections.

Not all plants respond positively to poultry excrement. This should be taken into account when choosing a top dressing. Some horticultural crops require additional nutrients because the composition of chicken manure is not optimal.

Dry chicken manure composition

To obtain dry matter, chicken manure is dried at a temperature of 600 C. Some dry it on their own in the sun or in a room with low humidity.

It is a free-flowing organic fertilizer. Dried droppings are odorless and easy to transport. It does not lose its usefulness for at least two years if the storage conditions are observed. The advantages of this type of feeding are that it does not contain weed seeds, worm eggs and pathogenic bacteria. It is used in pure form or mixed with water for irrigation.

For six months of storage, dry chicken manure loses no more than 10% of organic matter and up to 8% of nitrogen.

It contains the following elements:

  • water - 20%
  • nitrogen 4-6%
  • phosphorus oxide - 3-4%
  • potassium oxide - 1.5-2%.

Preparing liquid feed

A concentrated solution is prepared for use throughout the growing season. It is added to water for irrigation. For the preparation of the concentrate, infusions and compost are used.

For infusion, take a container and half fill it with bird excrement. The rest of the container is filled with water. Insist the mixture in a warm place.

It is ready to use in a few days after fermentation is complete. The infusion is stored throughout the season and does not decompose.

1 liter of concentrate is diluted in 10 liters of water. The resulting mixture is watered after the rain. In drought, the soil is pre-moistened with abundant water. It is important that the soil is moist.

Another method of preparation involves dissolving 1 kg of manure in 10 liters of water. The solution is kept warm for 2-3 days. The finished concentrate is mixed with water in a ratio of 1:10. The mixture is used for watering no more than once every two weeks at the rate of 0.5-1 liters per bush.

It is advisable to apply fertilizer in the evening or in cloudy weather. The mixture that gets on the foliage is washed off with clean water.

To prepare compost, a hole is pre-dug no more than a meter deep to ensure normal air circulation and avoid acidification of the substance. A deep drawer will do. The bottom is lined with peat, hay or sawdust. Chicken droppings and other manure are placed in a container in layers. The organics can be replaced with the material used for the pit lining.

The pile is covered on top to protect it from washing out nutrients and spreading an unpleasant odor. The compost is re-heated on its own in 1.5 months. To speed up the process, worms or live cultures of microorganisms are added to the mass.

Chicken manure application rates

Before using bird excrement, you must protect yourself: wear gloves, a respirator and protective clothing. The method and amount of application depends on the type of fertilizer.

Dry droppings

It is preferable to add it to the soil in the spring before planting. With autumn application, a significant part of the useful properties will be lost due to freezing and thawing of the soil. It is desirable to moisten the earth.

Litter is taken at the rate of 1 kg per 1 square meter of soil, evenly distributed over the bed and dug up. To feed the seedlings, add 3 tablespoons of the substance to the holes. 2.5 kg of manure is introduced into the pits for fruit trees, 1 kg under the bushes.

Fresh litter

To achieve a normal concentration of nitrogen and uric acid, this type of fertilizer is used before winter. For spring application, compost or a mixture of manure with peat, sawdust or hay is suitable.

The substance is evenly scattered over the beds. There should be 2 kg of chicken manure per 1 square meter. The drier the soil, the more substances are added. If the soil has a high nitrogen content, the manure is not dug up so that the excess evaporates. The rest of the substances will be absorbed into the ground.

5 kg of manure is added to the pits for fruit trees, and under shrubs - 2 kg, the procedure is repeated every 3 years.

The method of application and the amount of fertilization depends on the type of plant. So, most of all manure when digging will need tomatoes and pumpkins - 3-4 kg per square meter of soil. Water the bushes with infusion in the amount of 5-6 liters per 1 sq. M.

Onions and garlic need less substance - 1.5-2 kg per square meter in dry form and 1 liter per square meter in liquid form. Chicken excrement is also used when growing greens, but in this case, fertilizing is added only to the soil before planting, and when watering it is not needed.

Application of granulated chicken manure for fertilization

Chicken droppings from the store in their original packaging have a number of features. Thanks to high-quality heat treatment, there are no helminth eggs, pathogens and weed seeds in it. The absence of a strong unpleasant odor makes it easier to use even for the most squeamish gardeners and gardeners. In addition, the shelf life of such a product is significantly increased.

When using pelleted poultry excrement, it should be borne in mind that they contain the same components as ordinary manure, but at a higher concentration. For this reason, such top dressing is diluted in much more water. The composition and method of dilution are indicated on the package.

Various plants are fertilized with the substance, but most of all it is suitable for:

  • cucumbers
  • tomato
  • grapes

Fertilizing cucumbers

The substance is added to the soil for digging. To do this, take 100 granules per 1 m2 of land. They also put them in the seedling holes. It is important that the fertilizer does not come into contact with the roots and stems of the plant.

An infusion is prepared for watering cucumbers. Use it three times during the growing season. To do this, take 1 kg of dry matter and pour 3 liters of water. The mixture is infused for a day, then the resulting concentrate is diluted in 20 liters of water. The liquid is applied under the bush in a volume of no more than 0.5 liters.

Fertilizing tomatoes

In dry form, add to the beds in the amount of 100-300 gr. per square meter and sprinkle with earth to exclude contact with parts of the plant. A solution is prepared to feed the seedlings. The ratio of granules and water is 1:50. For watering adult plants, the concentration should be even less: 1 part of the substance and 100 parts of water.

Fertilizing grapes

Top dressing of grapes with granules of chicken droppings is carried out four times during the growing season:

  • in spring after snow melt
  • one and a half weeks before flowering
  • when the berries reach the size of a pea
  • a week before ripening

The granules are buried in the holes next to the bush at the rate of 100-300 gr. for 1 plant. It is preferable to prepare an aqueous solution. To do this, take 1 part of fertilizer and 100 parts of water, mix and insist for a day. For irrigation use 50 liters per square meter.

When applying top dressing, it is important to ensure that the solution does not fall on the trunk. To achieve the best effect, add products based on phosphorus and potassium.

Chicken manure is a natural and affordable fertilizer. It is suitable for feeding various types of plants. Compliance with application rates ensures fast growth and bountiful harvests at no extra cost.

You can learn more about using chicken manure as fertilizer by watching the video:


Watch the video: Manure Can DESTROY Your Garden: Heres How! (August 2022).