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Pelargonium (or geranium) is a common houseplant. Easily decorate a window sill or the interior of the house.
Sometimes it happens that the owner cannot wait for the inflorescences for a long time. Why does pelargonium not bloom at home and how to help the plant in this case?
- Why does pelargonium not bloom indoors?
- What care errors lead to a lack of flowering
- Pruning and transplanting rules
- Planting geraniums in open ground
- Secrets of lush bloom
Why does pelargonium not bloom indoors?
Geranium is a herbaceous perennial plant that can be easily grown at home. There are more than two hundred varieties in nature. Natural habitat - South Africa.
In our latitudes, a flower is planted in flower beds in parks and gardens, cafes, gazebos and balconies are decorated with hanging pots. There are species with smooth and double petals. The colors can be very diverse.
At home, fragrant and flowering varieties of pelargonium are grown. The former have a pleasant aroma, but their flowers are small and faded. The dignity of the latter is abundant, long-lasting and lush flowering. The lifespan of a houseplant is about 10 years.
What time does geranium bloom? The plant pleases with flowers almost all year round - from spring to late autumn.
Since in nature, pelargonium can grow in rather harsh conditions, home care should not be difficult. It happens that the owner cannot wait for flowering for a long time.
Fungal or bacterial diseases may be to blame, but in this case, the owner will notice a general deterioration in appearance. The problem disappears as you recover. In severe cases (especially with decay), the death of the plant occurs.
However, the most common reason for the lack of flowers is improper care.
Some owners believe that the plant only needs watering to grow successfully. Next, we will consider how pelargonium should be contained.
What care errors lead to a lack of flowering
Even the most unpretentious house flowers need attention and care. If this rule is not followed, problems with the plant are possible.
Here are the most common mistakes made by a grower that lead to the lack of flowering of indoor geraniums:
- Excessive watering. Pelargonium does not tolerate excess water and "swamps" in a pot. It tolerates minor drought much easier.
- Incorrect temperature conditions. The ideal temperature for a flower is 20 C. A significant excess of this indicator has a negative effect. In winter, a dormant period begins when the optimal thermometer value is 15 C.
- Container mismatch. If the geranium does not fit the size of the container, it starts up new shoots. As a result, all efforts are spent on growing leaves and branches. Small, compact pots are preferred.
- Lack of fertilizers. Pelargonium needs potassium supplements, but organic ones are not suitable.
- Lack of transplant. If the plant has not been transplanted into fresh soil for more than 2-3 years, there may be no flowers.
- Rare pruning. To preserve its decorative appearance, geraniums must be cut twice a year - in early spring and late autumn.
- Lack of light. When localized on the northern windows, the plant starts growing, as a result of which flowering suffers. It is best to place the pot in a well-lit area.
Proper organization of the content eliminates the problem. It is the failure to comply with the basics of care that causes the absence of flowers.
Pruning and transplanting rules
Mandatory procedures for caring for geraniums are pruning and transplanting. Pinching is carried out in the fall and spring. Each period has its own characteristics.
In spring, the procedure is carried out in late winter or early spring using a sharp, disinfected knife. Light pruning promotes greenery change and flower formation. Even a slight pinching delays flowering for several weeks, but the flowers are lush and large.
Pruning too intensively can eliminate the formation of inflorescences this year, so do not overdo it.
In the fall, geraniums are pruned after flowering is complete. First, remove dried inflorescences, leaves and stems. Then, too long and weak branches are shortened, giving the plant the desired shape. Professionals recommend shortening the shoots by 1/3 before the dormant period. In winter, geraniums are not pinched.
The transplant is an equally important part of the care. It is carried out every two years until the beginning of the active growth phase (in spring). Consider the following points:
We choose the container 1.5-2 cm larger than the previous one.
As a soil, a mixture is used that includes sand and a universal substrate (or garden soil) in a ratio of 1: 2. Drainage is placed at the bottom.
After transplantation, the plant is fertilized with potash or potassium-phosphorus fertilizers.
For better rooting, the flower is placed in a warm room with diffused sunlight.
What to do to make geranium bloom? Do not neglect such important procedures as transplanting and pruning, and the plant will delight you with a beautiful appearance.
Planting geraniums in open ground
Indoor geranium is positively affected by planting in open ground. Such manipulations are not only useful, but also ennoble the garden, the backyard and the flower bed. So that the change in habitat does not damage the plant, this must be done wisely.
To improve the quality of the flower, it is important to choose the right planting season. The procedure is not carried out during the active flowering period (summer). Pelargonium does not tolerate sudden changes in temperature, this will easily lead to the death of the plant.
The most suitable time is spring. An autumn planting does not make sense, since the onset of frost is not far off, and the flower will not even have time to take root.
Geranium loves warmth and abundance of sunlight. Places are chosen with good lighting, it is desirable that other large plants do not block the sun's access.
The soil in the open field should be identical to that in the pot. The presence of sand and a drainage layer is desirable. Pelargonium does well in humid air. For the purpose of additional saturation with moisture, sphagnum moss is placed near the flower.
Please note that shoots and roots of pelargonium grow quickly in the wild. This feature should be taken into account when transplanting a plant into a flower bed.
After staying in the open ground, pelargonium is returned to the house, without waiting for the cold weather. In winter, the plant is provided with rest, watering is minimized and the temperature lowered. Such manipulations are beneficial to geraniums and contribute to flowering in the future.
Secrets of lush bloom
Every grower wants his plant to be healthy. How to achieve a lush geranium bloom? Use the following tips.
Refuse to spray
Unlike other plants, pelargonium does not require irrigation with water. Without this procedure, the likelihood of getting large flowers increases.
Try to water only after the topsoil is dry. More water is required only in hot weather. The rest of the time, it is enough to add water 1-2 times a week.
In order for the plant to fully show itself in the spring, it is necessary to provide rest in winter. During this season, place the container in a cool place where the temperature is 14-15 C. Do not try to force the plant to bloom during the cold season.
From spring to autumn, pelargonium especially needs good lighting. Bright light stimulates bud formation. You can not be afraid to put the pot on the southern windowsill.
Landing in open ground
Transplanting outdoors for the summer is an effective way to stimulate lush blooms. If there is no possibility of transplanting, just take the pot out to the loggia or balcony. Moderate temperature contrast promotes flower formation.
Fertilizer stimulates the growth of large flowers. Do not forget about properly selected feeding.
In a small container, flowering will begin much faster than in a large one.
Spring pinching plays an important role for abundant flowering. Light pruning stimulates bud formation.
Competent care and maintenance of pelargonium will allow you to get a beautiful flowering plant. The application of small secrets will help to achieve an abundance of buds.
Blooming geraniums are a real decoration of the house and the pride of the owner. Let's watch a video on how to speed up the blooming of geraniums: