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Clerodendrum species, features of care and reproduction, photos of different varieties

Clerodendrum species, features of care and reproduction, photos of different varieties


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The perennial plant clerodendrum, the species and varieties of which fascinate many flower growers, is very popular. How to care for a flower? What are the most popular types?

Content:

  1. Description and features
  2. How to organize competent care
  3. Additional procedures and activities
  4. Reproduction methods
  5. Popular species and varieties

Description and features

Clerodendrum are plants of the vervain family. In wildlife, they grow in the tropical forests of Africa and Asia. Some specimens are found in South America. It was discovered in the Canary Islands. Translated from Greek, the name of the flower means "tree of fate."

The people call the flower "bloody cross" due to the bright red color of the stamens of the most popular variety. From a distance, the bush looks like it is covered in drops of blood.

In fact, there are many varieties of clerodendrum in nature. They have their own characteristics and colors. There are types of pink, white, blue flowers.

A distinctive feature of the plant is its fascinating aroma. Species that have individual odors spread the fragrance not only from the inflorescences, but also from the leaves.

Clerodendrum is often kept as an annual flower, although in essence they are dicotyledonous perennials. Among the varieties are vines, climbing shrubs and trees. In natural conditions, they reach a height of 4 m.

The shape of the leaves is predominantly heart-shaped, but can also resemble an oval or egg. Stems are olive or brownish brown. Shades of foliage range from dark green to rich emerald.

The inflorescences consist of picturesque small flowers. They create a picture of a beautiful bouquet that cannot leave you indifferent. The flowering time covers the period from mid-April to early September. After pollination occurs, ovaries are formed. Fruits are oblong, fleshy, interesting orange color.

Florists and gardeners prefer to use clerodendrum for vertical gardening. Pinch the flower to the desired shape.

How to organize competent care

These flowers can be classified as unique. For all their beauty and fragrance, they are very hardy and unpretentious. It is enough to master the simple basics of care. In order for the clerodendrum to please the owner with amazing flowering, it is necessary to create conditions as close as possible to natural ones.

Lighting and temperature

Clerodendrum survive in almost any conditions. In order for them to bloom, a combination of favorable factors is required. The plant loves light, but it should be protected from direct sunlight. It will be enough to separate it with a small curtain. Feels good on southern, eastern and western windowsills.

You can decorate the middle of the room, bedroom or living room with a flowerpot. In this case, make sure that the flower receives enough light.

In the warm season, the optimum temperature is 20-25 C. The winter period is a time of rest and rest. When it's cold outside, the plant is ideally suited to a temperature of 15 C.

Humidity and watering

Like many tropical dwellers, houseplants prefers high air humidity, loves spraying very much, it absorbs moisture through the foliage. This procedure should become a habit with the owner. The condition and well-being of the plant will depend on the regularity. This point is even more important than direct watering.

Watering should be done little by little. An abundant amount of moisture in the soil can lead to rotting of the root system. In the summer you need to add water twice a week, in the winter - several times a month.

For irrigation, it is better to use lukewarm, settled water. Most suitable for a plant is melt or rain. But such a liquid is not always possible to obtain.

Soil and fertilizing

In nature, clerodendrum grows in fertile soil containing a lot of useful elements. To compose an ideal soil, mix 30% leafy soil and peat, 20% clay soil and sand. The pan of the pot is filled with wet gravel. This will prevent the soil from drying out.

Fertilization is allowed during the flowering period. Purchase a comprehensive flowering houseplant mix from your specialist supply store. In the cold season, feeding is not carried out.

Additional procedures and activities

Vines stretch out very quickly, so they require quite frequent transplantation. Periodic pruning is necessary to shape and stimulate flowering.

Pruning

Pruning is an important and necessary procedure. Be sure to remove dried leaves, dry and weak branches. To stimulate growth and flowering, species such as Thompson are shortened by a third. In order for the flower to look like a bush, the shoots need to be pinned well. Otherwise, the plant will greatly increase in length and support will be needed for the stems. After pruning, you will get a beautifully shaped flower with bright leaves and abundant flowering.

Transfer

The transplant should be carried out in March-April. For flowers that have increased in size, choose a pot 2-3 cm larger. It will also be useful to renew the soil with a fresh one. The transplant is carried out after pruning. The procedure is carried out every two years.

New soil should be disinfected first. Can be heated in the oven or steamed. It is also convenient to use a microwave for these purposes.

It is advisable to put a small drainage layer at the bottom of the pot. You need to move the flower carefully, trying not to damage the roots. Add enough soil and water generously. If in the future the plant needs support, it is dug in immediately during transplantation. This will save the root system from unnecessary stress and damage.

Reproduction methods

Clerodendrum is propagated by cuttings and seeds. In indoor conditions, the first method is more convenient. The choice depends on the initial capabilities and preferences.

Cuttings

This is the easiest and fastest breeding method. Cuttings are obtained during spring pruning. In the warm season, they root well in water. After the newly baked plant takes root, it can be planted in a small pot (7-8 cm in diameter) and covered with a glass cover. After the appearance of shoots and leaves, they are transplanted into a pot with a larger diameter (9-10 cm). The cap is no longer required.

Until next spring, the shoots must be pinched several times. This will give you a more attractive shape. A year later, the plant needs to be transplanted again. Choose a container whose diameter is 2 cm larger than the previous one.

Planting seeds

If you don't have a flower yet, you can get clerodendrum by sowing seeds. Planting is carried out at the end of winter. The container is placed in a warm, sunny place, remembering to maintain sufficient moisture in the soil. Seedlings will appear no earlier than 1.5-2 months later. Flowers are transplanted into separate pots after the appearance of 4 leaves. Choose a diameter of 6-7 cm for one plant or a diameter of 11-12 cm for three. After increasing growth, care is taken as a full-fledged plant.

Now in the flower departments it is easy to find all the necessary equipment for transplanting - pots, greenhouses, hoods. They are very convenient and can be used for other flowers in the future.

Popular species and varieties

Clerodendrum, the views from the photo of which are simply mesmerizing, has about 300 varieties. Of course, not all are grown in indoor conditions. The most popular varieties are Thompson, fine and brilliant. They gained popularity due to their stability and unpretentiousness. Florists are not indifferent to other, more demanding flower varieties.

Variety brilliant

An evergreen shrub with climbing shoots. The leaves are round in shape and have a heart-shaped base, measuring 8 by 6 cm. The indisputable advantage of brilliant clerodendrum is almost year-round flowering. Dense clusters of peduncles with red buds grow from the deciduous sinuses.

Variety Thompson

One of the most common varieties. Perfectly established itself as a room. It is a liana with thin long shoots. Leaves are dense, long (up to 12 cm) dark green color. Blooms from early spring to early autumn. If the room is kept warm, this period is significantly lengthened. The flower is very interesting, with a white bell-shaped bracts and a bright scarlet center. The buds are decorated with creamy stamens. Quite unpretentious, feels great at home.

Variety specialozum (fine)

Evergreen spreading bush with large heart-shaped leaves. It can grow up to 3 m. Shoots and pedicels are brown-red in color, which fully confirms the quality stated in the name. Inflorescences of a purple-coral shade with dark corollas, extremely bright and attractive, delight the eye from the beginning of summer to autumn. This look can be a great interior decoration.

Prospero (Wallich's) variety

Wallich's variety has many interesting and memorable folk names - bridal veil, Cleopatra's tears. Received such nicknames due to a dense scattering of small white flowers. It is a neat bush that can easily fit on a windowsill. Leaves are medium in size with wavy edges. Clerodendrum blooms very abundantly and richly. Pink-red buds open gradually, turning into snow-white corollas.

Despite its attractiveness, the Prospero variety is an infrequent guest in apartments. Many growers face growing difficulties: very bright light and high humidity will be required, which is difficult to achieve in an ordinary house.

Chinese variety (fragrant)

A graceful evergreen shrub with large leaves, reaching a size of 2 m. The inflorescences of this variety differ from the previous ones in a dusty light pink shade with rounded petals, fascinate with a citrus-violet aroma. Fragrant Clerodendrum is the only species that blooms all year round under optimal conditions.

Filipino variety

This type of clerodendrum is famous for its unforgettable aroma, reminiscent of a mixture of vanilla and jasmine. It intensifies especially in the evening. Flowering can be seen already in the second year of the plant's life. Inflorescences are white-pink, very delicate and rather large (about 20 cm), outwardly reminiscent of a bouquet. In indoor conditions, it is kept quite rarely, although it does not require intensive care.

Ugandan variety

The variety also received the name "blue butterflies" due to the peculiar shape of small flowers, distinguished by a bluish or purple hue. Long curved stamens are inherent in Clerodendrum. The plant is a vine that grows rapidly in length. With the help of pruning, the flower can be given various shapes - a bush or a tree. The flower loves good light and generous watering.

Schmidt's variety

It looks like a small tree. It has rich green oval leaves. Peduncles are directed to the bottom, many brushes are formed. They are snow-white and exude an intoxicating sweetish smell.

The choice of clerodendrum designed for indoor conditions is quite large. They are united by a memorable bloom and a delicate fragrance. It should be remembered that it will be possible to admire such beauty only with proper care and timely pruning.

And now we will find out in more detail how the clerodendrum looks like and its types, what kind of care it requires at home - we watch the video:


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