We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Most flower lovers have a liking for cacti. How to water cacti at home and provide favorable conditions?
- How to care for cacti
- Watering basics
- Water quality requirements
- Water temperature
- Features of watering in different seasons
- Do I need to fertilize and when
- Is it possible to provoke flowering
How to care
In cacti, three periods are expressed, which alternately replace one another: flowering, dormancy and growth. They do not grow quickly. If you decide to keep such a plant with you, you should find out in advance what parameters it needs.
Different species have lighting preferences. Those whose homeland is the desert (echinopsis, hymnocalycium) love a lot of light. It is better to place them on the windowsills.
Representatives of the forest flora (epiphyllum, zygocactus, Decembrist) are accustomed to a darker area. It is better to place them on windows on the east or north side. With an excess of light, life cycles get confused.
Each type of cactus has its own requirements for the land. All representatives of the species need soil that is good for air and moisture. The soil should not be compacted over time and remain loose. Most specimens taste slightly acidic soil.
Thorny plants should not grow in large containers. Pots are selected in accordance with the size of the rhizome and aerial part.
Cacti are the type of plant that tolerates temperature extremes well. Despite the love of warmth, they grow well in cool rooms. However, you should not place the pot near batteries where the air is very dry.
All members of the species are adversely affected by frequent changes in location. There is no need to twist the pot around its axis. With a large number of them, it is convenient to keep them on one stand or pallet.
Cacti grow in non-standard climatic conditions, so there are special requirements for their watering. This business has its own subtleties, which are associated with the cyclical nature of the plant. Some specimens growing in the desert are capable of accumulating more than one thousand liters of water.
Watering can be done in two ways:
- Standard watering from a watering can with a fine spout or other container.
- Water is poured into the pan of the pot. Through the drainage holes, the soil will absorb as much moisture as necessary.
Florists say there is not much difference in how to water a cactus. You can alternate between different methods or give preference to the one that is comfortable in a particular case.
The ingress of water on the stem of the plant should be excluded. Excess moisture is more harmful than lack of moisture. Be sure to ensure that no water stagnates in the pan.
Water quality requirements
Almost all plants do not like hard water. In most regions, tap water is not of high quality. It is necessary to defend it. The best option would be to purchase a filter that cleans well from chlorine. Boiling is also allowed with hard water.
If distilled water is available, you can use it. However, this method can be too expensive.
If possible, take melt or rainwater. Not a bad option for residents of private houses who have the opportunity to go outside at any time. This liquid is ideal for watering. Moisture with an identical composition of the plant is obtained in natural conditions.
The cactus will feel comfortable when the water temperature is right. For watering, it should be 5-7 C higher than the room temperature.
Other experts are of the opinion that the best option for watering is a liquid with a temperature of 30-40 C at any temperature in the room.
For spraying, you should take hot water. It cools down quickly during irrigation. Cacti love this kind of hydration. It is advisable to choose a fine sprayer.
To water the plants with melt or rain water, it is advisable to pre-warm it in the sun.
Features of watering in different seasons
Cacti require different watering intensities depending on the season. The calculation takes into account such parameters as air temperature, humidity, lighting, soil type, stage of the life cycle. In the natural habitat, environmental parameters also change, depending on the season.
Florists are interested in how to water a cactus at home in winter. This period is characterized by a lower temperature regime. Watering is carried out in moderation. In winter, you should not increase the intensity even in case of flowering.
You can check how moist the soil is with a pencil or wooden stick. Focus on what the soil looks like, if it is dry.
Plant growth increases from mid-spring. This means more moisture is required. Watering frequency should be increased from mid-April. Observe the condition of the soil. The constant content of roots in water is harmful and threatens with rotting.
How to water cacti at home in the summer, and how to change the care? In the hot period, the plant needs liquid more than ever. The intensity of watering in summer is the highest in comparison with other seasons. To keep the plant doing well, practice a fine spray. This method is safe, there is no risk of root rot.
In the fall season, you need to water in two stages. Until mid-October, the number of irrigations should be kept similar to the summer period. Then the frequency is reduced and minimized by the end of November.
For cacti, it is necessary to observe the seasonality of watering. The tone and well-being of the indoor plant depends on this. With the right approach, it will delight you with an excellent appearance.
Do I need to fertilize and when
Cacti don't need frequent feeding. When choosing a fertilizer, give preference to nitrogen-containing. Florists do not recommend purchasing supplements for cacti that have an organic composition.
The easiest way is to apply fertilizers that have a liquid structure. The ideal option would be to purchase a ready-made product in a flower shop, designed specifically for cacti. It should be diluted with filtered or boiled water according to the instructions.
No need to overfeed with fertilizers. Abuse of feeding is more harmful to the plant than lack of nutrition.
Types of dressings:
- Stimulating flowering. They are composed of calcium, nitrogen and phosphorus.
- For a dormant period. For this, the minerals have a different ratio. Take 2 times less phosphorus.
Fertilizer mixtures should be diluted thoroughly. Do not try to give the plant an overly concentrated liquid.
Is it possible to provoke flowering
This is a plant that rarely pleases with its flowering. It is not always possible to push him to this process. The first thing to do is to maintain all the necessary living conditions (light, watering, humidity). Some growers add special fertilizers to the soil.
A drainage tube can be installed in the soil. Introduce water into it using a syringe without a needle. At the same time, do not forget to control the degree of moisture.
It is worth remembering that a cactus will not bloom until it reaches a certain age. In addition, there should be a flowering cycle after dormancy.
Cacti are extraordinary plants that do not require complex care. It is enough to remember the simple rules for keeping and watering. Under good conditions, the cactus will not only look great, but will also delight the owner with flowering.
Now let's see how to water cacti at home in the video: