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Calathea comes from the tropics, but it takes root well in the apartment. The plant belongs to the arrowroot family. Florists appreciate it for its interesting leaf pattern. The lover should familiarize himself with the whims of the flower in advance.
- Where do you come from
- How to ensure optimal conditions
- Further care - transplanting, fertilizing, pruning
- Breeding features of calathea
- Problems that may arise during cultivation
- What diseases and pests is prone to
Where do you come from
The birthplace of Calathea is Latin America. In natural conditions, it grows in Brazil, where baskets are woven from it, planters and wrapping paper are made. In their native lands, the flowering time is in late spring or early summer.
Calathea lancifolia is one of the most unpretentious and memorable representatives of the family, it is most popular. However, she requires increased attention and care skills.
The leaves have a wavy, elongated shape, reaching a length of 70-80 cm. The pattern resembles small dark green leaves on a twig, the reverse side has a brown color.
The bloom is rarely admirable and looks rather modest. Calathea is loved for its large extraordinary leaves. She immediately attracts attention and stands out on the shelves of flower shops.
How to ensure optimal conditions
Calathea lancifolia, whose photos are very picturesque, requires careful care at home. The plant is quite resistant, but it will take an effort to show all its charm.
One of the most important maintenance elements is choosing the right soil. Calathea is very picky about her. In specialized departments, ready-made soil for rhododendrons or azaleas is sold. The mixture itself can be prepared by mixing 0.5 parts of sand and 1 part each of humus, peat and leafy earth.
Choosing a good location is not easy. Calathea does not like darkness, which makes its leaves faint, small and slows down their growth. Exposure to direct sunlight is generally destructive. The best solution would be to put a flowerpot with a flower in partial shade.
Hard water is a poor source of watering. Ideally, you should purchase a filter that will help cleanse it of excess calcium and magnesium. In its absence, they practice upholding.
She is also whimsical to the temperature of the water. It should not be lower than room temperature, but rather warm. In the summer, the plant requires frequent watering, in winter it is more rare. To prevent the rhizomes from being damaged, you should drain the excess liquid from the pan.
The higher the humidity in the room, the better (minimum 50%). Professional flower growers assign special florariums to the plant, since it is difficult to achieve sufficient humidity in an ordinary apartment. For beginners, regular spraying of the space near the flowerpot will help.
The optimum temperature is considered to be the range from 16 to 22 C. The main thing is to avoid sudden changes. At high temperature amplitudes, the leaves lose their elasticity and may even begin to rot. Calathea does not tolerate drafts.
The requirements listed above may seem overstated to a novice florist. But if you follow the rules of care, the plant will delight you with its beauty for a long time.
Further care - transplanting, fertilizing, pruning
After all the basics of care have been studied, you can familiarize yourself with the features of feeding and transplanting.
Calathea lancifolia does not need constant feeding. The exception is the growing season. For Lancifolia, this is the period from April to mid-September. Use a half dose of complex liquid fertilizers. Fertilizer should be applied every three weeks.
The plant does not require cutting the stems. It is enough just to remove the dried leaves.
The rules are as follows:
- We choose a pot of small size and depth. For better drainage and air access, crushed stone or sand with foam is placed on the bottom.
- The earth should be well loosened. In no case do we ram the soil, this can provoke rotting.
- At the time of transplanting the plant, we remove the soil from the rhizome (without applying force). Place the roots in the middle of the container. Leave at least 2 cm from the roots to the drainage layer.
- After transplantation, you should observe the mode of watering. Water is needed when the topsoil is visually dry. Drought will lead to wilting and curling of the leaves.
It is recommended to replant a young plant every year. The best period for this is the beginning of spring. Upon reaching the age of three, a transplant is required every 2 years.
Breeding features of calathea
If you want another calathea lancifolia to appear in your house, or if you want to share it with friends, there are several ways to propagate such a flower.
The most popular way. The division is carried out at the time of flower transplantation. We choose a pot with a diameter of 7-9 cm.While the plant will take root in a new place, it is necessary to carefully maintain the correct conditions: regular watering,
warm room (at least 21-22 C), sufficient humidity, fertilization no more than once a month.
This method is more complicated and time consuming. In practice, it is rarely used due to the low percentage of germination. Planting in the soil takes place at an air temperature of 24 C. In the case of the appearance of sprouts, they are transplanted into pots of standard sizes for a flower. Further care is carried out according to standard rules.
Separation of cuttings
The stem, which is above the soil, is separated from the plant and planted in moist soil. How to create a greenhouse effect using film. Polyethylene is removed only after the calathea has taken root.
Problems that may arise during cultivation
On the way to growing calathea lancifolia, a florist may encounter certain difficulties. In most cases, this is due to improper care. After all, the flower is accustomed to the natural climate of the tropics, in an apartment it requires the same parameters.
Problems of the following nature may arise.
Lack of flowering
If the plant does not bloom, check the soil for compliance with the requirements, adjust the air parameters. The room may be too dark.
Leaves have curled up or dry spots appear
Drafts or too dry air may be to blame.
The foliage turned yellow
The reason lies in the low temperature, too frequent fertilization, too intensive or insufficient watering.
The leaves have acquired a thin elongated shape
Most likely, the plant does not have enough sun. Choose a lighter area. Provide props to avoid leaf breakage.
Yellow spots can form when exposed to direct sunlight. A common problem when a flower is located on a windowsill.
The reason is too frequent spraying.
Due to the moodiness of the flower, problems with its growth and appearance may arise. The first step is to check if the conditions are met.
What diseases and pests the flower is susceptible to
Calathea lancifolia can suffer from some misfortunes.
Soot plaque becomes a symptom of a parasite infestation. To eliminate it, you need to wipe the affected area with soapy water.
Infestation is evidenced by the formation of a thin web on the lower foliage. Over time, the parasite causes the leaves to turn yellow and fall off. The disease provokes dry air. For treatment, chemicals are used, sold in specialized departments.
Insects suck out the juice, which causes the leaves to dry out. To eliminate the trouble, you need to treat it with a solution of laundry soap.
Appear in dry warm air. They are expressed by the appearance of white dots on the leaves. They cause the plant to turn brown. The flower is treated with a store product. A week after the removal of the parasite, top dressing is applied.
Calathea lancifolia is one of the brightest and most memorable representatives of its species. Although the flower is native to tropical countries, it can be grown indoors.
In order for the plant to please its owner, you will have to work a little. Observe the rules of maintenance and calathea will give a lot of aesthetic pleasure.
Calathea lansifolia - home care, video on how to grow it correctly: