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Many beautiful flowers got into indoor floriculture from the wild tropical nature. The stephanotis flower is no exception, reproduction and cultivation of which as a pot culture is very successful.
- Stephanotis, botanical description
- Features of growing and reproduction of Stephanotis at home
- Reproduction of Madagascar jasmine
Stephanotis, botanical description
The genus Stefanotis from the Lastone family is represented by several species. Some botanists attribute almost two hundred tropical lianas to this genus, others believe that there are no more than 16. The plant was first discovered and described at the beginning of the 19th century. The area of Stephanotis covers about. Madagascar, Malay Islands and other tropical areas.
In indoor floriculture, you can most often find Stephanotis flowering or Stephanotis Floribunda. This plant is also called:
- wedding wreath
- hawaiian wedding flower
- wax flower
- madagascar jasmine
Under natural conditions, the life form of this plant is an evergreen liana, entwining trees, and shrub forms can also be found. The length of the shoots can be from 2 to 6 meters. The leaves of the plant are oval, with a rounded base and a narrower apex.
The edges of the leaf plates are solid, they themselves are dense with a glossy sheen, up to 8 cm long. The location on the shoots is opposite. Flowers are white, sometimes cream or pinkish, tubular, tube length 30 mm, with five bent corolla petals. Collected in inflorescences - false umbrellas or shields.
They emit a very pleasant aroma and give the impression of being ideal wax products. The flowering period begins closer to mid-spring and lasts until early autumn. The fruit is a berry, looks like a mango, ripens for a long time, almost 9 months. Inside contains up to 100 pieces. thin seeds equipped with soft hairs that form a kind of parachute.
Madagascar jasmine is widely used as an interior plant and is grown in homes, offices, greenhouses. Its shoots can be beautifully attached to an arc made from a flexible rod or wire. When the plant blooms, then its shoots, covered with flowers, in this case, will look like a wreath.
Features of growing and reproduction of Stephanotis at home
At home, the plant is placed in a well-lit, but protected from direct sun, place. In summer, the room temperature should be +20 +22 degrees. In winter, it needs to be reduced to + 14 + 16 degrees, without this the plant may not gain color. Water for irrigation must be defended within 48 hours.
During the growing season, watering is carried out on average every two days, and in winter - once every seven days. In addition to watering, the plant is fed every half a month. At the beginning of spring, you can use full mineral fertilizer, and during the budding and flowering period, fertilizing is carried out with fertilizers without nitrogen. The plant needs additional spraying of indoor air.
To give it a more well-groomed look, the upper side of the leaves is polished. The easiest way is to polish with a soft cloth soaked in water. However, you can also use special aerosols. They are antistatic and the foliage attracts less dust. Important! The plant does not like not only a change of location, but also a change in orientation in the room.
Video review of the stephanotis flower:
Throughout the season, the ends of the shoots need to be pinched. It is advisable to transplant the plant in the spring, and after flowering it can be cut off. Stephanotis is propagated at home:
The best time for flower reproduction is in early spring.
Reproduction of Madagascar jasmine
Growing from seeds
Plant seeds can be obtained from a ripe fruit if it was formed at home. The seeds can be purchased at a specialty store or online. A small bowl is filled with a mixture of peat and perlite, watered well. The seeds are laid out on top of the soil, they are not buried in the ground, but only slightly pressed against it.
Cover with foil. They are placed in a room where there is good lighting and quite warm, not less than + 25 + 26 degrees.
During the entire period, the soil must not only be moistened, but also ventilated. After 4-8 weeks, the seeds will germinate. In the first three days they are kept under the film, then it is removed. In the future, the seedlings are regularly moistened and additional lighting is provided. Daylight hours at this time should be at least 14 hours.
Propagation by cuttings
Stephanopis cuttings are cut only from last year's shoots. They should be about 10 cm long and each cut should have a pair of leaves. 3-4 cm should remain under the bottom sheet. The bottom cut is made obliquely. The top sheet is shortened by half and the cut is sprinkled with charcoal. Cuttings can be placed in warm water and changed every two days. Usually, after one and a half to two months, roots appear, with which the plant can already be planted in a pot.
In addition to water, you can root cuttings in a mixture of universal soil with perlite. The lower end is buried 1.5 cm, everything is well moistened and the cuttings are kept in a warm and bright room. Roots also appear after 7-8 weeks. After that, the cuttings are planted in individual pots. Then keep warm. For some time, the pot is kept covered with a transparent bag.
This method is also used by flower growers, you can try to get a young plant from one leaf with a part of the shoot. To do this, you need to take a zip-package (a bag with a lock), pour a mixture of earth with perlite into it, spray it well, put a leaf so that the stalk with a part of the shoot touches the mixture. Hang the package on the east window and wait for the roots to appear. They will be clearly visible through the transparent bag.
In this case, the process of emergence of roots will take about one and a half months. Stefanotis is considered a plant that is difficult to root, however, if this procedure is carried out at a constant temperature and the right lighting, then, as a rule, the process ends with success.