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Peat is the decayed and compressed remains of plants and animals. What are the features of peat as a fertilizer for personal plots, and we will analyze all the interesting nuances in the article.
- How peat is formed
- The nuances of using peat to fertilize the site
- How to make peat compost yourself
- Features of the use of peat at their summer cottage
How peat is formed
Plants and animals that live in swamps, or wetlands and lakes die over time. The resulting biomaterial is gradually layered on top of each other, forming layers, balls, and pressed under the pressure of water and subsequent layering.
Under these conditions, with high humidity and minimal access to fresh air, peat is formed. Depending on the degree of decomposition of the resulting biomass, it is divided into:
- Horse, in which the particles practically did not decompose. This is the top layer.
- Transitional, in which the particles disintegrated almost completely, but integral pieces are still found.
- Lowland, where all the parts turned into a homogeneous mass, like a gruel.
- It is the low-lying layer that is best suited for fertilizing the soil, but the rest do an excellent job with their function.
The nuances of using peat to fertilize the site
Many not very experienced gardeners and gardeners prefer to buy fertilizer in large quantities and spread it throughout the plot, waiting for record harvests. This opinion is erroneous, since the substance consists of 40-60% of which, for fertilization, is highly discouraged.
The reason is that the fertilizer is very poor in nutrients, despite the fact that it contains a sufficient amount of humus. In addition, nitrogen is poorly absorbed in the soil. Therefore, the use of only one humus for fertilizing the site is highly discouraged. It is better to choose special mineral or organic fertilizers for this. But for the enrichment of the soil, a lowland or transitional species will do just fine.
Thanks to its properties, it improves the structure of the soil, helps to make it more breathable and permeable to water. In such a soil, the root system develops much faster, and the plant itself will be healthy.
In addition, there are a number of plants that need acidic soil for normal development and reproduction. For example, these are heathers, erika, blueberries, hydrangea. For the acidification of the soil, it is mostly high-moor peat that is used. He does an excellent job with the task. And if you also periodically mulch plants with it, then they will thank you.
Whether it is worth using pure peat as a fertilizer largely depends on the condition and composition of the soil itself. In some cases, its use is simply necessary, while in others it is prohibited. If the soil on your site itself is quite fertile and light loamy, then the introduction of such fertilizer will give you absolutely nothing.
But for the soil, which is clay, sandy and depleted, the introduction of peat in combination with other fertilizers will help to significantly improve the yield and give beauty to ornamental plants growing on your personal plot.
How to make peat compost yourself
Of course, it is much easier to buy ready-made peat for fertilizing the site. But, if your budget is very limited, and there are all the necessary components, then you can do it at home. To do this, you will need:
- Tops of plants
- Wood sawdust and shavings
- Remains of food waste
Pour all the ingredients in the following sequence:
- Fill the pit with peat, then there are sawdust, about 10 cm
- Add about 20 cm of tops, weeds and food waste
- Manure, in a layer of about 20 cm.Any manure that you can get will do
- Cover with a layer of peat
Leave the resulting mixture over the winter to rot. At the same time, the compost heap should be no more than 1.5 meters high and covered with earth. This will create a certain microclimate inside, and ideal conditions for decay. The resulting peat, if it is not dried in the sun and not frozen, is in no way inferior in its nutrients to manure, and in some parameters even surpasses it.
Features of the use of peat at their summer cottage
In order to apply peat as fertilizer, you need to scatter it with a pitchfork around the entire perimeter of the land plot. But, do not forget that peat fertilizer is more concentrated than manure, it needs to be taken only 10-15 kg per 10 m2. You can fertilize the soil both in the spring and in the fall, adding shovels to the bayonet.
A layer of about 5-6 cm should be placed in the grooves near the trees. The same amount should be placed in the holes in which it is planned to plant a tree or bush. This will help the root system to quickly adapt to new living conditions, and will begin to develop much faster.
Peat is a valuable fertilizer that is excellent for enriching the soil with useful substances and minerals. Using peat regularly, you will achieve a significant improvement in the productivity of plants and trees, and ornamental plants that are in any area will acquire a new appearance.
Video on the use of peat in horticulture: