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To see all the beauty of hyacinths, you need to take 50 bulbs and plant them on 1 sq. Hyacinth became an object of selection already in the 15th century.
Several new varieties are bred annually, the count is already in the thousands, some varieties are becoming a thing of the past, others are taking their place. We will try to find out what hyacinth is, planting and caring for which is not very difficult, but requires certain knowledge and skills. To understand how to grow hyacinth, you need to learn about some of the structural features of the flower.
- Description of the hyacinth plant
- How to plant hyacinth
- Hyacinth care in spring and summer
Description of the hyacinth plant
The genus hyacinth belongs to the Asparagus family. The most famous species is oriental hyacinth - a bulbous herb. The hyacinth bulb is designed so that the stem on which the flowers appear is a continuation of the strongly shortened base of the stem, that is, the bottom of the bulb.
As soon as flowering ends, the peduncle itself and all ground leaves die off. A new bud will give life to a new peduncle. It forms on an old bulb and blooms the next year. In addition to this bud, several more can form, from which small "babies" will turn out, which can be separated and after 2-3 years they will also begin to bloom.
Flowers are collected in a brush. Perianths are funnel-like or bell-shaped. The ideal hyacinth has vertically oriented leaves that symmetrically surround an even peduncle ending in a beautiful inflorescence. Coloring hyacinths can be:
Black hyacinths have already appeared. There are varieties with simple and very large flowers, there are double and even variegated multi-colored hyacinths.
How to plant hyacinth
Planting material, its preparation and planting time
Hyacinths reproduce in two main ways - seeds and bulbs. Seed propagation is acceptable for professional florists. In amateur breeding, it is impractical to use it, since after sowing the seeds, the plant will bloom no earlier than in the sixth year.
For outdoor cultivation, it is best to opt for medium-sized bulbs. Larger specimens are more suitable for forcing indoors. In addition, the size of the bulbs may vary by cultivar. If hyacinths have yellow or double colors, then their bulbs are smaller. The bulb must be firm and in the correct proportions.
The best planting time is autumn. Hyacinths are planted before the onset of persistent frosts. In most regions, this must be done no later than October 10th. The bulb should have time to take root before the soil freezes, but should not start growing.
Important! Bulbs planted in spring are unlikely to flower in the current season; all selected bulbs should be dipped in a fungicide solution for half an hour before planting.
Soil preparation for hyacinth flowers
At the end of summer, the garden bed allocated for hyacinths must be dug to a depth of at least 35 - 40 cm. For digging, apply fertilizer per 1 square meter. m:
- very well rotted humus - 10 kg
- wood ash - 0.5 kg
- superphosphate - 60 g
- potassium sulfate - 20 g
If the site is with clayey heavy soil, then a couple of buckets of sand will correct the situation. Important! To avoid weed growth, cover the bed with black covering material.
To plant the bulbs, you need to make holes. Their depth should be 3.0 - 3.5 times the size of the bulbs. If the soil is too light, a couple of centimeters are added to the depth of the holes, for heavy soils, the holes are made two cm shallower. It is advisable to pour 1-2 handfuls of sand at the bottom of the hole.
It will serve as good drainage and prevent the bulb from rotting from excess water. After that, the bulb is covered with soil, and after the onset of frost, the planting is mulched with compost. It remains to wait for spring to continue caring for the hyacinths.
Hyacinth care in spring and summer
After the snow melts, the bed must be freed from the remains of mulch. Then the soil is gently loosened. Plants must be fed with nitrogen mixtures. To achieve a high peduncle, the planting site can be covered with a black, opaque film.
It is desirable that the flower arrow be at least 25 cm high. It is these hyacinths that look very aesthetically pleasing. Summer hyacinth care consists primarily in the removal of weeds. As soon as the flowers fade, you need to cut off all the peduncles without touching the leaves.
The leaves should dry naturally. Until that time, fertilizing with complex fertilizers will not interfere with hyacinths. It will have a positive effect on the health of the bulb. After the foliage has completely dried, all tops must be removed. This event will serve as a good prevention of the spread of pests and diseases.
After that, the bulbs are dug up, the damaged and rotten ones are removed, and the healthy bulbs are dried and stored until the planting period begins.
Separately, it should be said about the cultivation of hyacinths in indoor conditions. Bulbs are planted in pots with soil in about the same way as on a garden bed in autumn. Before that, the bulbs are kept at a temperature not higher than + 7 + 8 degrees.
It is convenient to do this in the vegetable drawer of the refrigerator. The bulbs should be kept in it for about 10 to 12 weeks before planting, and the bulb should be dug in so that the top protrudes slightly from the soil. Then water and put in a dark place until the time when fragrant flowers are required. After that, the pots are exposed to light and regular watering begins.
For indoor cultivation, you need to take the largest bulbs, in addition, when grown outdoors, you need to cut the peduncle before flowering. After flowering in indoor conditions, the bulb can be planted again in open ground and after two seasons it can be used again for home cultivation. Although hyacinths require some care, they will repay with beautiful flowers for taking proper care of them.
Video about planting hyacinths: