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Reproduction of roses is an interesting and exciting process for many novice gardeners. You can propagate a rose by cuttings within 1-2 seasons, if you follow all the recommendations.
- Propagation of roses by cuttings: description
- Plant preparation and breeding season
- Methods for propagating roses by cuttings: description
- Prerequisites for rooting cuttings
Propagation of roses by cuttings: description
The procedure for propagating roses by cuttings is the easiest and most affordable way to breed flowers. This technology allows you to get rooted roses. Vegetative reproduction is characterized by high rooting rates.
In addition, self-rooted roses are very adaptable to growing conditions and do not grow into shoots.
This method of propagation is used for vigorous roses: climbing, floribunda, etc. In most cases, these roses have a weak root system, and strong rooted cuttings do not give wild shoots. To get new plants, cuttings must be done correctly.
Plant preparation and breeding season
To begin with, you should choose a rose with a strong stem. If the flower is weak, the leaves are not alive, and the stem is thin, then this is an unsuccessful material for reproduction. Cut off shoots that are ready to grow. This can be determined by the formed axillary buds.
Each cutting should have 2-3 buds. The cut at the top should be 2 cm above the kidney, and at the bottom it should be directly below the kidney. The tools must be well sharpened, otherwise plant tissue can be injured. The lower leaves should be completely removed, and the upper ones should be shortened. The length of the stem should be about 20 cm.
Immediately before planting, the lower cut is treated with a growth solution. Before you start grafting, you should know at what time to perform this event. The procedure can be carried out in the interval between the formation of the bud and before dropping its petals. If cuttings are carried out earlier, then the wood may be immature.
At a later date, the buds will begin to awaken, and during this period it is strongly discouraged to propagate roses. Many gardeners carry out cuttings in the fall, since the cutting takes root more easily during this period. The rose is getting ready for winter and substances in the plant accumulate in large quantities. Late spring and early summer are also considered favorable periods.
Description of the method of propagation of roses by cuttings
There are several ways to cut a rose. You can choose one of the suitable options and use it to propagate cuttings: Rooting in the soil. You need to dig a trench to a depth of about 15 cm.
You should choose a place where direct sunlight will not fall. Then pour coarse sand onto the bottom. Put the cuttings in the sand so that 2/3 of the plant is below the soil level. Then compact the sand around, cover with soil and compact again. They need to be watered periodically during the summer. Already in October, you can prepare for a transplant.
Rooting in potatoes. You can carry out cuttings in the open field or at home, by planting in a pot. Fill the container with the nutrient mixture and moisten well. Next, cut the potato tuber in half and make holes in it commensurate with the diameter of the cuttings.
Then place the cuttings in a tuber and cover with a plastic bottle to create a greenhouse effect. Place the container in a warm place out of direct sunlight. Rooting by the Burito method. After preparing the cuttings, they are wrapped in damp paper. Leave in a dark place at a temperature not exceeding 18 degrees.
Video about the propagation of roses by cuttings:
Rooting in water. The cuttings are placed in distilled water. Water must be topped up every 2 days or changed if necessary. The transplant is carried out with the appearance of roots. This usually takes about a month.
Rooting in moss. You need to purchase moss in a special store. Put it in a bag, insert cuttings into the moss and inflate the bag. Then tie and hang. The appearance of roots can be observed after 3-4 weeks. Moss will be moistened by condensation, which will accumulate during this period.
Rooting in vermiculite. This method is good because it does not require transplanting rooted cuttings. In a pot of soil, make small depressions into which to pour vermiculite. You can use coconut fiber instead. Then stick in the petioles.
After a while, the roots will begin to grow through the vermiculite. Any of the methods has its advantages and disadvantages, therefore, the choice of the rooting method must be approached responsibly.
Prerequisites for rooting cuttings
For rooting to take place, it is necessary to provide optimal conditions for growth. In the first 15-20 days, greenhouse conditions need to be created. You also need to make sure that the cuttings receive enough moisture, light and heat.
Water the soil sparingly, avoiding waterlogging, otherwise it can provoke decay. The air humidity in the greenhouse should be at the level of 80-90%. Droplets must be present on the leaves. You should also regularly spray the cuttings with a spray bottle. Periodically, the greenhouse should be opened for ventilation so that the air does not overheat.
After rooting, the shoots can be transplanted into small containers. As a soil for reproduction, you can take the following soil mixture: turf - 2 parts, leafy earth and sand - 1 part and a little humus. This light and breathable soil promotes rapid rooting of the cuttings. Following simple recommendations, you can get beautiful rosebuds in the first season.