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Spathiphyllum flower or "female happiness": how to take care in indoor conditions?

Spathiphyllum flower or


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The unpretentious spathiphyllum is especially popular among flower growers. A plant such as spathiphyllum can grow successfully in almost any room.

Content:

  • Botanical description of spathiphyllum
  • Growing conditions and care
  • The main methods of breeding
  • Pests and diseases

Botanical description of spathiphyllum

Spathiphyllum is a typical representative of the large Aroid family. It is a terrestrial tropical evergreen plant. In its natural form, it is distributed in Central and South America, as well as on a number of tropical islands. There it can be found in places with high humidity, as well as along the banks of rivers and streams.

Spathiphyllum is characterized by a very short rhizome and oval or lanceolate whole leaves. Its stem is missing. The leaves are arranged on elongated petioles.

The spathiphyllum inflorescence is an ear with a white veil. After flowering, it begins to gradually turn green. The name spathiphyllum comes from two Greek words spathe - veil and phyllon - leaf. Popular beliefs endow this plant with magical powers. According to them, if there is spathiphyllum in the house, then a single woman will definitely find a life partner for herself.

Growing conditions and care

Spathiphyllum comes from tropical regions, therefore, for successful growth and development, it requires a temperature above + 18 ° C. Also, this plant does not tolerate drafts at all.

Lighting and watering

When choosing a place to place a plant, preference should be given to north-facing windows. Direct sunlight is destructive for him. Also, this culture can grow quite successfully and even bloom even in the back of the room or under artificial lighting.

Like all tropical plants, spathiphyllum needs abundant watering in the summer. Also, periodically spraying with warm, settled water is useful to him. The soil in the pot should always be slightly damp, but it is very important to avoid flooding. Excess moisture for spathiphyllum is destructive.

Soil, fertilizing and transplanting

For growing this culture, a soil mixture composed of 2 parts of sod land, 1 part of humus, 1 part of peat and 1 part of river sand is suitable. If there is no opportunity for self-preparation of the substrate, you can use a special soil for growing aroid plants.

In order for the spathiphyllum to bloom profusely, it must be systematically fed. To do this, you can use any universal fertilizer for flowering indoor plants. It should be diluted according to the attached annotation. In the spring and summer, fertilizers are applied once every two weeks. By autumn, feeding is stopped and resumed only with the arrival of spring.

Spathiphyllum has a rather intensive growth, so it needs an annual transplant. It is best carried out by transferring it to a larger pot. Transplanting work is best planned in the spring. The new pot should be slightly larger than the old one.

The main methods of breeding

Spathiphyllum can be propagated both vegetatively and by seeds. The seed method of reproduction is quite laborious, and it is difficult to get the seeds of this plant, so it is practically not used. Of the vegetative methods of reproduction, the division of the bush is most widespread.

It is best carried out in the spring during the planned annual transplant. To do this, the overgrown plant is carefully divided into several parts. The first time after planting, it is recommended to spray them as often as possible. Further caring for them is no different from caring for adult plants.

Video about proper care for spathiphyllum:

Spathfullum also reproduces quite successfully by apical cuttings. This method allows you to propagate the plant without damaging the root system. For him, cuttings with small rudiments of roots are cut at the base of the plant with a sharp knife. Then they are planted in a loose nutrient substrate and covered with a jar or plastic bag. The creation of a greenhouse effect contributes to their accelerated rooting.

Pests and diseases

Like any other plant, spathiphyllum can be attacked by harmful insects. Most often, you can find pests on it, which will be discussed further in the article.

Thrips. Small sucking insects that can cause significant damage to the plant, and if not treated, even lead to its death. The main sign of their appearance is dry discolored areas on the leaves. Also, on closer inspection, you can see the insects themselves.

Various insecticidal preparations are used to destroy these pests. For example, you can use "Aktara", "Commander" or "Mospilan". After two weeks, the treatment must be repeated.

Mealybug. Also belongs to the group of sucking pests. Its characteristic feature is a white powdery bloom, it is for him that this pest got its name. To combat it, contact insecticides are used. Quite good results are shown by "Aktara", "Tanrek", "Confidor".

With a small number of pests, non-chemical control methods can be used. For example, spraying a plant with tobacco infusion or a solution of green soap is very effective.

Spider mite. A dangerous and difficult to destroy sucking pest. Its characteristic feature is a sticky, cobweb-like coating on the leaves. Spider mites most often appear when the air humidity is too low.

To combat it, you need to use only special insect-acaricidal preparations. Simple insecticides are not suitable for its destruction. Of the most effective means for the destruction of spider mites, it is worth noting "Aktellik" and "Fitoverm".

It is quite simple to grow a blooming spathiphyllum in your home. This plant has no increased requirements for growing conditions. This culture is ideal for decorating almost any room, and even a completely inexperienced florist can easily cope with its cultivation.


Watch the video: Спатифиллум - женское счастье пересадка и уход в домашних условиях. (June 2022).


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