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A fence around the local area or summer cottage is a necessary thing. It not only denotes the boundaries of the property, but also protects the plantings from visiting the territory by uninvited neighboring pets.
Also, the fence can become an artificial wind protection for many plants. Plants can be planted both from the inside and from the outside of the fence.
- What trees to plant along the fence
- Shrubs for growing along the fence
- Climbing shrubs for planting along the fence
- Blooming perennials for planting along the fence
What trees to plant along the fence
Trees for planting from the outside of the fence
Trees on the outside of the street, in addition to their aesthetic function, act as a kind of filter that traps street dust and exhaust gases. For the outside of the fence, trees that can handle pruning well and are not too valuable or rare will help prevent vandalism. In addition, you need to choose plants that are unpretentious and resistant to frost, drought and other unfavorable conditions. For these purposes, the most suitable are:
- small-leaved elm
- common elm
- riverine maple
- maple tartar
In the wild, the common elm is widespread in deciduous forests almost everywhere. It is found in the European part, in Siberia, in the Caucasus, in the Baltic states. In Kazakhstan. The tree grows up to 25 meters high. The plant is shade-tolerant, drought-resistant.
Elm has been used in landscaping for a very long time, due to the fact that it not only tolerates a haircut well, but also keeps its shape well. Has many decorative forms:
- silvery motley
- golden motley
The disadvantages of elm plantings include exactingness to the fertility of the land. On poor soils, the growth of these trees slows down. In addition, elms can attract unwanted pests and are actively damaged by them. The undoubted advantage is that the common elm lives for a very long time, up to 200-300 years.
Conifers for the inside of the fence
On the inside of the fence, you can plant primarily coniferous trees with slow growth and with decorative needles and crown. In addition to decorativeness, coniferous trees purify the air and emit phytoncides useful for health. In the summertime, bright annual flowers can be planted near the plantings to create a contrast with dark needles.
For planting near the fence from the inside, the following are suitable:
- undersized species of spruce prickly
- medium-sized species of Norway spruce
- decorative species of spruce gray
Norway spruce Acrocona
In a year, this species grows by no more than 8 cm, an adult plant is no more than 3.0 m in height. The crown is conical, with a wide, up to 4.0 m base. needles of a rich green color. Young cones of pink color make the trees elegant and attractive. This species does not tolerate dry soils with high salinity.
In addition to spruce trees, low-growing thuja, pine, and larch can be grown along the fence. Despite the variety of species and varieties of coniferous and deciduous trees, most landowners prefer unpretentious shrubs when decorating fences.
Shrubs for growing along the fence
The choice of shrubs for growing along the fence is very large. Among them, you can choose species with a long flowering period, fruiting, prickly. Along the fence you can plant:
- Kuril tea
- decorative cherries
- rose hip
It is very convenient to plant decorative types of barberry along the fence, this shrub is unpretentious, tolerates any pruning well, has thorny branches, which serves as additional protection from unwanted visitors. Among all barberries, decorative varieties of the Thunberg barberry can be distinguished.
Thunberg barberry purple-leaved
This deciduous shrub is moderate, up to 1.5 meters, in size. The shrub has flexible, arched shoots. Differs in beautiful, purple foliage in early summer. The flowers are bright yellow, collected in a brush. The flowers have a very pleasant aroma.
The berries are red, stay on the bushes for a long time. This preserves the attractiveness of the barberry with the onset of winter. During the growing season, dark purple leaves are gradually colored with spots of yellow, orange, green. The plant is unpretentious to the composition of the soil, winter-hardy and drought-resistant. Thanks to the long, up to 1 cm, thorns, it creates difficult-to-pass thickets.
This type of ornamental cherry is attractive throughout the season. In spring, large, about 1.8 cm in diameter, white flowers appear on reddish shoots. They are very fragrant, gathered in bunches of three flowers. The height of adult plants is about 1.5 m.
In place of the flowers, quite edible fruits of black-purple color are formed. By autumn, the leaves acquire an orange-red color. Can be planted along the fence in combination with fir trees. It grows very quickly, undemanding to watering and soil composition. In recent years, the plant has been gaining popularity due to its decorative qualities.
In addition to trees and shrubs, various climbing and creeping plants can be planted along the fence.
Climbing shrubs for planting along the fence
Climbing plants can be an excellent design for a fence, both inside and outside. Along the fence you can plant:
- honeysuckle honeysuckle
- girlish grapes
In the wild, it is distributed in the middle and southern regions of Europe, in the Caucasus. In ornamental gardening, it is prized for its fast growth and charming appearance throughout the season. In height, climbing shoots grow up to 3-5 m. During the season, young shoots can lengthen by 0.8 m. In good sunlight, they have a red-violet color.
Leaves are oval, dense, leathery. The upper part of the leaf blades is dark, green, the lower one is gray-gray. Leaves last a very long time in autumn, while retaining their color. For about 4 years, the plant blooms. The flowers are of an original shape, with protruding stamens.
Inside, the flowers are white or yellow, on top of a delicate purple color. Up to 5 cm long, from a distance they look like moths with raised wings. The flowering period is 20 - 25 days.
Inedible orange fruits appear in place of flowers. The plant requires the formation of bushes. To do this, it is evenly planted along the fence. To create support, the cords are pulled. So that the plant does not turn into tangled thickets, it is cut off in time both from above and on the sides.
The neglected bushes are cut off at the very ground, after which the dormant buds will give rise to new shoots. Honeysuckle honeysuckle does not suffer from disease.
In the wild, this plant grows like a liana in the forests of the Far East. Of all the types of actinidia, it is distinguished by the decorative color of the foliage. In early spring, they are bronze in color, after which they turn green, at the end of flowering, the ends of the leaf plates turn white, after flowering the leaves become crimson.
In the fall, foliage takes on the most bizarre shades from purple to yellow. The flowers are white, with an unusually pleasant scent that can be felt at a fairly large distance. The fruits are edible, the plant itself is a relative of the kiwi. Quite unpretentious, a feature of care is shallow loosening of the soil. In addition to shrubs and trees, perennials can be planted along the fence.
Blooming perennials for planting along the fence
Perennial herbaceous plants can become a beautiful and unpretentious fence design. Sufficiently tall flowers are suitable for this:
This plant has a second name - mallow. Differs in a rather high, up to 2 m, stem and bright flowers of various shades. Depending on the species, mallow has flowers of white, pink, red and dark cherry color. Flowers can be either simple or double, up to 12 cm in size.
Flowering is long, begins in early July and lasts until the end of September. The leaves are large, up to 10 cm, with jagged edges. More often than not, the plant does not require much maintenance, however. mallow grows poorly in very poor, heavy and excessively humid places.
The choice of plants for growing along the fence is very large, here everyone can choose plants according to their individual preferences.
Video on which plants to choose for a hedge: