Rapid plum, description of the variety, planting and caring for the early plum

Rapid plum, description of the variety, planting and caring for the early plum

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The genus Plum, from the Rosaceae family, unites about three hundred species. Home plum, according to scientists, is the result of natural crossing of wild types of plums, including thorns and cherry plums. Each of them, including the early-growing plum, has its own advantages.


  • Description, advantages and disadvantages of early-growing plum
  • Where to plant self-fertile plums
  • Planting a self-fertile plum, caring for it

Description, advantages and disadvantages of early-growing plum

The variety is obtained as a result of work on the American Klymax plum. Its flowers were pollinated by the pollen of the Ussuriyskaya red plum. The authors of the variety are S.N. Satarova, H.K. Enikeev. The variety was tested in 1960. Since 1965, the variety has been recommended for cultivation in many regions, including the Central and Central Black Earth regions, Siberia, and the Far East.

Nowadays it is widespread almost everywhere. The variety is early, blooms in the first decade of May, the harvest is in mid-August. The variety is fast-growing. The beginning of fruiting occurs in the third year. The tree lives and bears fruit for over 20 years. The mature plant is medium to below medium in size. The crown is round, of medium density. Shoots are reddish.

The leaf plates are medium-sized, light green, without pubescence. The surface of the leaf blade is wavy, the edge is with double teeth. The petioles of plum leaves are of medium length. Flower buds are located on bouquet branches, flowers are collected in three pieces. Fruits are of medium size, weighing from 20 to 28 grams. The appearance is very attractive.

The main color is yellow, the integumentary color is red, sometimes it covers almost the entire fruit. The tree looks very elegant during the ripening period of plums, since yellow, red and yellow-red fruits can be on the branches at the same time. Peduncles are of medium length; when torn off, the surface of the plum remains dry. The skin is quite dense, firm, covered with a light waxy coating. The stone is large. Its weight can be up to 4% of the total weight of the fetus.

Most often, the bone either does not separate from the pulp, or it is semi-detachable. The texture of the pulp is tender, juicy, fine-fibred, yellow color, good taste, most often sweet and sour. The purpose of the variety is dessert. The advantages of the variety include:

  • yield
  • transportability
  • drought tolerance
  • high, up to - 40, winter hardiness, including flower buds

The disadvantages include:

  • crushing fruits when overloading branches
  • sunburn damage to the cortex
  • no yield is observed every 2-3 years
  • self-infertility

For pollination, you need to plant a hybrid cherry plum, plum variety Red Ball. Currently, the variety is quite in demand, it can even be planted and grown from a stone.

Where to plant self-fertile plums

Despite the endurance, for a self-fertile plum, you still need to choose a place where the plant will be comfortable.

Lighting and soil

Self-fertile plum develops well in a sunny place, a site where in the first or second part of the day there will be a light shade for two to three hours is also suitable. Should not be placed in low, dark places. Also, the plum will not have enough sunlight and moisture under the spreading crowns of tall trees. The upper part of a small slope with a south orientation, with natural protection from the wind from the north side, will be a favorable place for plums.

Self-fertile plum is demanding on the fertility and texture of the soil. It will grow best on fertile sandy loam soil with good permeability.


In general, the plum can tolerate short dry periods well, however, it requires watering in the absence of rainfall for a long time. Low places with clay soil and stagnant water are not suitable for growing plum trees. The occurrence of groundwater above 1-2 meters is also contraindicated for this plant. When planting a self-fertile plum seedling, you must also follow some rules.

Planting a self-fertile plum, caring for it


The best planting time in southern regions is autumn; in temperate regions, plums are planted in spring. 12-14 days before planting, they dig a hole up to 0.5 m deep and the same width. Part of the soil is mixed with 5-6 kg of humus, 15 g of potash and phosphorus fertilizers are added and poured into the pit. If the land is very poor, the amount of fertilizer is increased by 50%.

It is better to choose a seedling in a container or with an earthen ball. If the root system is open, then it must be examined, the damaged parts cut off and lowered into a liquid chatterbox with the addition of mullein and clay. After that, the tree is lowered into a hole, covered with soil, slightly tamped.

Important! It is impossible to bury a seedling of a self-fertile plum in the ground. The root collar should be 4-5 cm above ground level. Immediately after planting, the plant is watered abundantly with 2-3 buckets of water. The ground around the trunk is mulched.


In the first year after planting, the plant is regularly watered. The weeds under it are removed, and the soil is loosened well. In the future, the plum is watered only with prolonged drought. When a self-fertile plum enters fruiting, it needs pruning. This is done so that the crown does not over-thicken.

Thinning pruning is carried out annually in the spring. All branches that interfere with the passage of light deep into the crown are cut out.

Also, in autumn and spring, they carry out sanitary pruning of broken, dry, damaged branches. Self-fertile plum varieties need three or four additional dressings per season. At the beginning of May, you need to feed the tree for the first time. The second feeding should be done in 15 days. The plant is fed for the third time in the second decade of June.

With the onset of July, feeding is stopped, otherwise they will provoke an increased growth of shoots, the bark of which does not have time to ripen before winter, such shoots can freeze. For feeding, 60 - 90 g of ammonium nitrate are diluted in 10 liters of water. If there is no precipitation, then before and after fertilization, the plant is watered every three days. After each watering, the soil is mulched. In all other respects, a self-fertile plum is looked after like any fruit tree.

Video about large-fruited plum:

Watch the video: How to plant a plum tree (June 2022).


  1. Alo

    Good question

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  3. Faular

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  4. Zulkimi

    Congratulations, your thought is brilliant

  5. Corrick

    Wow :) How great!

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