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Mallow is an ornamental flower with large bright flowers. Growing mallow from seeds is a snap. To do this, you need to know a few simple rules.
- Plant characteristic
- Growing mallow from seeds
- Seed preparation and planting site selection
- Soil preparation
- Care after landing
Mallow is a plant of the Malvaceae family. Depending on the planting method, it is subdivided into annual and biennial plants. Mallow has a long stem that can reach two meters or more in height. Bright large flowers, 12 cm in size, are placed along the stem. The flower has the shape of a bell, the leaves are in the form of hearts.
There are many varieties of mallow, and their color ranges from pale pink to deep deep purple flowers. Mallow blooms in July and August, some varieties bloom throughout the summer. The plant tolerates cold well, but is afraid of frost. This flower successfully resists disease and can withstand droughts.
Growing mallow from seeds
Mallow can be grown from seed. There are three ways:
- growing seedlings from seeds
- planting seeds in open ground in the spring
- planting seeds in autumn
To opt for a particular method, you should take note of the following information. If you first grow seedlings from mallow seeds, then it will bloom in the year of planting.
Mallow planted with seeds in open ground will not bloom in the year of planting. Seeds planted in autumn will germinate in spring, and they will bloom earlier than seedlings. Each method has its own characteristics that must be taken into account when planting seeds.
- They start planting in February or March, it depends on the climatic conditions of the region.
- Each flower should be planted in a separate cup, peat pots are best. In the same cups, the plants are subsequently planted in open ground.
- Peat soil is used for sowing.
- Plants need extra lighting.
- For normal growth, it is required to maintain a room temperature of about 18 - 20 degrees.
- Seedlings need to be sprayed regularly.
Young sprouts need to be hardened, for this they are taken out to a cool place for a while every day. Seedlings are planted in late May or early June, again depending on climatic and weather conditions.
Spring landing in open ground:
- Disembarkation is carried out at the end of May, after the risk of night frosts on the soil has decreased.
- Seeds are planted to a depth of two to three centimeters.
- A distance of 5 - 10 cm is maintained between the bushes.
Video on how to grow mallow from seed to seedling:
- Planting is done in September
- Make holes 3 cm thick
- Distance between holes approx. 40 cm
- Landings are sprinkled with peat
- For the winter, crops are covered with straw or fallen leaves.
- In spring, seedlings will appear early, they will need to be sheltered from frost
Having familiarized yourself with the conditions for breeding mallow, you can choose the most suitable option.
Seed preparation and planting site selection
Planting material can be purchased at a flower shop. Before you start planting seedlings, you need to prepare the seeds. To do this, they are soaked in warm water for 12 hours. This will soften the seed coat and accelerate germination. The first shoots can be expected in two weeks. First, you need to check the seeds for germination.
2 or 3 seeds are planted in one hole; after germination, the strongest sprout is left. Mallow seeds have excellent germination capacity. They germinate well for three years, and three-year-old seeds germinate much more efficiently than annual ones.
Mallow is a light-loving plant, in the shade its flowers begin to fade, they develop a dull color. For planting, choose places that are well lit by the sun. It is better to plant flowers on a small hill so that rainwater does not accumulate in the roots. The root system of this plant is very developed, it can rot from the abundance of moisture.
The ideal place is located along the fence or walls of any structure. In this way, you can protect the mallow from the winds, in addition, you can arrange a hedge in this way. Mallows also look spectacular in group plantings. Mallow is used in landscape design. It is used to decorate lawns and flower beds.
When choosing a place, it is worth considering the fact that mallows are susceptible to diseases such as powdery mildew. Therefore, the plant should be planted in areas where this disease has not been observed within the next two to three years. The choice of a place must be approached with all responsibility, the intensity with which the flower will bloom and grow depends on it.
The soil for planting plants must be prepared in advance. To do this, they carefully dig it up. It is better to fertilize poor soil before planting. To do this, it can be mulched with humus. The soil should be nutritious and moist. For mallow, it is better to choose loose soil. For seedlings, make the following mixture:
- two pieces of land from a plot
- part of the sand
- part of humus
During the growth process, frequent feeding is not required. Fertilizers need to be applied once a year. For this, a complex of minerals for garden flowers is used.
Care after landing
After planting, the soil should be compacted and shed well. After two weeks, seedlings will appear, they will need to be weeded regularly. The soil needs to be loosened periodically. Young plants require abundant watering, as they grow, watering is reduced.
Before budding begins, the mallow should be fed with mineral fertilizers. In order for the plant to bloom profusely, the peduncles must be removed as soon as they bloom, until the seeds begin to form. Mallow does not require special care, the fact is that it is an unpretentious plant.
Mallow does not need much water. It is better to water in small portions, but more often. After watering, the soil should be loosened to provide fresh air for the roots. Mallow stems are fragile and can break in the wind. To prevent this from happening, they can be tied to pegs. You cannot transplant the mallow. This plant has a fairly branched root system, it can be damaged during transplantation and then the flower will die.
The faded flowers must be cut off. After the plant has faded, it is prepared for winter. The mallow is cut to ground level, the soil is fertilized with compost, you can use humus. For the winter, the plant is sheltered from frost, sprinkling it with straw or dry leaves.
Mallow is a wonderful plant that will become one of the best decorations for any garden plot. This undemanding plant does not need any special care. It can be easily grown from seed, I don't even have much experience in gardening.