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Boxwood or buxus is an evergreen shrub from the Boxwood family. Most types of boxwood are thermophilic, so they can only be grown outdoors in regions with warm winters. On the territory of Russia, evergreen boxwood is widespread, which has sufficient frost resistance.
- Description of boxwood, choosing a place for planting
- Boxwood care
- Possible diseases and pests
Description of boxwood, choosing a place for planting
Buxus is also grown in room conditions. In this case, it is very often used to create bonsai. This shrub is also suitable for container culture. In a natural form on the territory of Russia, boxwood stands can be found in the Krasnodar Territory and in the Caucasus. There it grows under the canopy of deciduous forests.
Also, this shrub is listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation. Boxwood quite easily tolerates a transplant, so it can be grown on a personal plot, the main thing is to find a suitable place for planting it.
Soil and lighting
Buxus can grow on almost any soil, the main thing is that they are not swampy or acidic. But best of all, this shrub develops on fertile loams.
On sandy loam soils, it is recommended to add a mixture of clay and compost to the planting pit. Boxwood is a shade-tolerant plant, so it feels best in the shade of trees.
It can grow in an open, sunny place, but in this case, with prolonged summer heat, its leaves can acquire a yellowish tint. Attention! Boxwood is an evergreen plant, so spring winds and bright sun can cause especially severe damage to its leaves. To protect shrubs growing in an open place from this, it is recommended to cover them for some time with non-woven covering material in the spring.
Boxwood is a rather interesting and unpretentious plant, but sometimes it can become very sick and die. This problem is inherent in almost all evergreen crops, in order to prevent this, you need to properly care for it.
The most crucial stage in the cultivation of boxwood is autumn and winter. If at this time the plant is not examined, then it is very likely that it will die. The first thing to do is to dig the soil under the bushes very well. Watering is carried out before the onset of stable frosts, around the end of October.
This will help the shrubs get saturated with moisture for the whole winter. Next, you need to carefully mulch the soil surface under the bushes. Well-rotted coniferous litter or peat can be used as mulch. Attention! Leaves should not be used as a mulching material, during the wintering process they rot and become a source of fungal diseases.
After the temperature drops below -10 ° C, the boxwood winter shelter is started. If the shrub was formed in the form of a trunk, then it must first be tied up so that during the winter the snow does not break its trunk.
After that, the bush is wrapped in several layers of covering material or tied with spruce branches. If a curb or hedge is created from the buxus, then they are covered entirely with non-woven material, the edges of which are fixed with the help of an earthen layer.
The shelter is removed approximately in the second half of March, if the shrubbery can become too late with this. The plant should be accustomed to the bright spring sun gradually. To do this, after removing the winter shelter, one layer of non-woven material is left on the plants.
Watering and feeding
Boxwood is a moisture-loving plant, so watering must be timely and abundant. In no case should the soil under the bushes completely dry out. The plant can react to this by shedding its leaves, and in case of prolonged drought, even die. Watering the planting of the buxus is best in the morning or evening hours.
Boxwood can be fed several times during the season. The reddish color of the leaves indicates inadequate nutrition of the plant. For feeding, it is best to use special liquid fertilizers for conifers. You can also use long-acting granular fertilizers, which are sufficient to apply once a year.
Young, actively growing specimens in the fall are recommended to be fed with potash fertilizers. This will speed up the ripening process of green shoots and allow the bushes to winter better.
In order for boxwood bushes to have a neat and well-groomed appearance, they must be cut annually. It is best to cut a haircut at the beginning of spring, while it is imperative to remove frozen and dry branches. With the help of a haircut, the buxus bushes can be given almost any shape. It is enough to form a bush once, and then just correct it.
When pruning, young growth is usually cut, old branches are pruned only if absolutely necessary. In general, healthy boxwood bushes tolerate a haircut quite easily.
Video about growing and caring for boxwood:
And the more often it is carried out, the thicker and more luxuriant the bushes are. Professional gardeners recommend adjusting the crown of the bushes on a monthly basis. But it should be borne in mind that the more often a haircut is carried out, the more nutrients the bushes require. Therefore, they will need more and more watering and feeding.
Possible diseases and pests
The most important buxus disease is shoot necrosis. It is characterized by the following signs:
- Dying off of the tips of the shoots
- Falling leaves
- Leaf spot
The cause of necrosis is the Volutella buxi mushroom. They fight this disease by pruning infected branches and fungicides. These drugs carry out multiple treatments of diseased plants. Of the pests on the buxus, boxwood gall midge is most often found. In early summer, she lays eggs on young leaves located at the ends of the branches.
The larvae that hatch from them feed on leaves, and for the winter they bite into the shoots, where they remain until spring. In the spring, a new cycle of pest development takes place. If the number of gall midges from the boxwood bush is too large, almost all the leaves can fly around, and the plant itself will eventually die. They destroy this pest with the help of systemic insecticides, which have a long period of protective action. For example, the following drugs can be used:
They are bred according to the attached instructions. Also, the processing should be carried out in several steps with an interval of 10 days. Of the pests on boxwood, you can also find cotton wool. Swelling on the leaves and drying out of the shoots serve as a sign of its appearance. The fight against it is carried out in the same way as with gall midge. During a prolonged drought, a spider mite can attack the boxwood.
A sign of its appearance is a sticky web, which in advanced cases can cover a significant part of the plant. To destroy this pest, drugs with acaricidal action are used. For example, Fitoverm or Aktellik shows good results. Growing boxwood is fraught with difficulties. But all of them are more than offset by its spectacular appearance.