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Iris is a perennial plant in the Iris family. There are 2 types of iris: bearded and non-bearded. The characteristic difference from each other is that the bearded ones have a hanging petal, which the other species of iris does not have.
- Bearded irises: plant description
- Variety "Beverly Hills": detailed description
- Variety "Burgomister": description of tall iris
- Variety "Batik": characteristics of medium-sized iris
- Variety "Amsterdam": description of the dwarf iris
Bearded irises: plant description
Iris is a bulbous plant. The flower resembles an orchid in shape. The plant got its name from the characteristic pubescence and outgrowth on the lower petal. Iris flowers are collected in inflorescences and are located on a strong peduncle. The beautiful iris flowers open gradually. This process starts in May and ends in July.
A large number of varieties of bearded iris are distinguished. The classification is carried out according to the shade and size of the peduncle. Tall varieties of bearded iris include:
- Variety "Midday Kiss"
- Variety "Random challenger"
- Variety "Arkady Raikin"
- Variety "Beverly Hills"
- Variety "Burgomister"
The height of tall varieties of iris is in the range of 80-120 cm. From medium-sized varieties, the following popular varieties are chosen:
- Blessed Child Variety Jennifer Rebeca Variety
- Variety "Batik"
- Variety "Brown Lasso"
Medium-sized bearded irises do not exceed 70 cm in length. Such flowers can be planted on the slopes, along the curbs. There is a wide variety of medium and tall varieties of bearded iris. The above are the most common varieties. Miniature, dwarf irises are often used in landscaping. They are not whimsical to care for and grow quickly. Their height does not exceed 37 cm. Common varieties of dwarf bearded irises: Amsterdam, Adrian Taylor, Ruby Contrast, Baby's Edge, Button Box, Bay, etc.
Variety "Beverly Hills": detailed description
The bearded iris "Beverly Hills" is a popular flowering perennial plant. The height of the peduncle reaches 90 cm. Iris grows densely. The leaves of the plant are long and narrow, brightly saturated green. Medium-sized flower, color coral pink, beard lace and corrugated with a reddish tint.
The flower can grow up to 1 meter.
Flowering begins in early July. It is recommended to plant the plant in a sunny and windless area. The optimal place for a plant is on the southern slope. Tall varieties can be used for group plantings or flower beds. Can also be placed near bodies of water.
Variety "Burgomistr": description
In length, an adult plant reaches 80 cm. The flowers are medium, orange-purple at the edges, and in the center of a dark purple hue. The inner petals are yellowish with a white-pink tint and lilac veins. Irises should preferably be planted on the southern or southwestern slopes. Grows well in alkaline or slightly acidic soil.
If the soil is clayey, then peat and sand are introduced, and if the soil is acidic, then liming is carried out. Iris are fed with organic fertilizers. However, it is important to ensure that there is no oversupply of fertilizer. In regions with severe frosts, iris can freeze slightly, so it is recommended to cover it for the winter.
Variety "Batik": characteristics of medium-sized iris
The plant reaches 70-80 cm in length. Iris grows rapidly. The leaves remain green until late summer. The flowers are fragrant, sweetish-spicy, of an original shape and are often called the garden orchid plant. The size of the flower is about 13-15 cm. The petals are purple with numerous streaks of white.
The petals located inside are half-open or closed, and the outer ones are slightly lowered down. Flowering begins in May and ends in July.
This variety is resistant to adverse weather conditions, possible diseases and pests. Iris "Batik" can be planted both in combined flower beds and in flower beds. It is advisable to place the plant in a lighted area, where there is no stagnation of water and wind. Planting is recommended in the autumn or a month after flowering.
Variety "Amsterdam": description of the dwarf iris
The flowers are yellow with a golden tint and brown spots. The height of the plant does not exceed 40 cm. A distinctive feature of tall plants is the appearance of flowers above the leaves. The three inner petals of the iris point upward and the outer ones hang down.
Dwarf irises are spring-flowering plants. Flowering begins in April and ends in May. The site for the placement of dwarf irises should be chosen well-lit. They grow well on slightly acidic, loose and permeable soil. The undersized variety "Amsterdam" can be used for planting next to the curb. This plant can be placed in a rocky garden, among other perennials.
Video about bearded irises: