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Pine root system: features, tree growing

Pine root system: features, tree growing


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Pine is a unique coniferous tree that stands out for its attractiveness. But it is worth knowing the rules for growing this tree, taking into account the peculiarities of the rhizome.

Content:

  • Features of the root system
  • How to plant a pine tree?
  • Pine tree care
  • A haircut

Features of the root system

Pine rhizome is plastic. Today, the root system of this tree is divided into 4 types, each of which has differences in shape and structure. Namely:

  • Powerful root system. It is characterized by a tap root, from which lateral roots also grow. This can often be found in areas with fresh soil that is well drained. A powerful root system, into which the main core is not strongly developed, which cannot be said about the lateral roots. They grow and are characterized by a parallel arrangement to the surface of the earth. Such a rhizome can be found where the soil is dry, and the groundwater is hidden deep underground.
  • Poorly expressed root system. It is represented by short roots that branch out in different directions. The ideal habitat for a pine tree with such a rhizome is a marsh and semi-marsh area, where the soil is too moist.
  • Shallow root system. Despite the fact that it does not go deep into the ground, it is quite thick. Its appearance resembles a brush. This species grows on dense ground, where groundwater is deep.

From this we can conclude that the type of pine root system is directly related to the structure of the soil on which it grows and develops. This tree is especially appreciated for the plasticity of the rhizome. After all, pines are used for planting even on poor and swampy soils. In this way, you can plant greenery on such areas.

The root system will develop only when temperatures exceed 3 degrees. Other conifers are more frost-hardy and can grow at low temperatures. The rhizome is pivotal, so the tree is not afraid of strong winds. It penetrates into the soil by 2.2-2.5 m.But to the sides, the roots grow by 8-10 m.

How to plant a pine tree?

When a seedling is selected, it is worthwhile to examine the rhizome well, as well as on the earthen ball. The age of a young tree should be no more than 5 years old. If the seedling is already old enough, then it is better to place it in a permanent place in winter, when the clod is still frozen.

Experienced gardeners distinguish 2 periods when conifers can be planted:

  1. In the spring. Planting takes place in April or May.
  2. Autumn period. The seedling is planted in August and September.

Initially, a hole is dug, the depth of which should be about 80-100 cm. With heavy soil, drainage is necessary. At the bottom of the dug hole, gravel or sand is laid out. It is recommended to bury the seedling with a combination of fertile soil, sand and sod land.

If the earth is acidic, then it must be lime. To do this, 200 grams of slaked lime is added to it. During all manipulations, it is worth paying attention to the root collar being placed at ground level. If a group planting is carried out, then it is worth leaving room for the development of the root system and the tree itself. There should be 1.5-4 meters between the seedlings.

Video about the pine root system:

If you adhere to all the planting rules, then the pine tree easily adapts to a new place without suffering from diseases. Often, young seedlings tolerate transplanting well. But the older the tree, the harder it is for it to get used to a new place, so the age of the pine should also be taken into account.

Pine tree care

Pine trees represent an unpretentious tree, so they do not need careful maintenance. But, nevertheless, some attention should be paid to them. After planting, fertilizing must be carried out for 2 years. For this, mineral fertilizers are introduced into the soil. After that, you don't need to feed the tree.

Experienced gardeners advise not to touch the needles that fall from the pine. It forms an excellent litter where organic nutrients accumulate. This will accelerate the growth of the tree, improve development. Pine trees can easily withstand drought, so watering is not necessary. Watering should be done after planting and during the growth of a young tree.

But stagnant water is not pleasant for pine, even those varieties that love moisture need rare watering, which is carried out several times per season.

When the plant is well developed, it will easily endure the winter. But for young seedlings of a decorative variety, it is worth creating protection from the scorching sun, as it leaves burns. To do this, the needles are covered with spruce branches or planted next to other trees that will create a shadow. Such protective shelters are removed in mid-spring.

A haircut

Oftentimes, pine trees do not need to be clipped. But with this procedure, you can slow down the development of the tree. As a result, the density of the crown will increase. This does not require special materials, it is enough to break off a third of the young growth.

But, using simple tricks, you can transform an ordinary pine tree into a bonsai or a small tree. For this, an umbrella-shaped haircut is used. In order to maintain the shape and decorativeness of the bonsai, it is necessary to pay attention to the tree, take care of it. Shoots are pruned once a year.

So, pine is an interesting tree that has its own characteristics. Each part is unique, down to the root system, which is different from other plants. To grow a pine tree, it is enough to know some rules.


Watch the video: Growing a pine cone! (June 2022).


Comments:

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