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In summer, many balconies, loggias, flower beds are decorated with multi-colored miniature flowers - roses. This purslane blooms. It turns out, in addition to the decorative flowering purslane, there is another, related plant - garden purslane or vegetable purslane.
It remains to find out what it looks like, how to grow it and what to cook from it.
- Purslane vegetable, botanical description
- How to plant and grow vegetable purslane
- The use of vegetable purslane in folk medicine and cooking
Purslane vegetable, botanical description
From the point of view of botany, the species of plants is garden or vegetable purslane belongs to the genus Purslane, the Purslane family. Another name of the genus is Dandur. Currently, it is widespread in many geographic regions, it grows in the Caucasus and the Far East. The homeland is supposedly the tropics of the Eastern Hemisphere.
Life form is an annual herbaceous succulent. Vegetable purslane has creeping reddish stems. The length of the stems does not exceed 40 cm.
The stems are juicy, fleshy. The leaves are medium-sized, oval, attached to the stem with a narrower end. At the base of the stem, the leaf plates are arranged in a spiral manner, at the top - opposite. The flowers of the purslane are small, yellow, collected together in 2 - 3 pieces. Flowering begins in June and can last until August. After the flower has faded, an interesting fruit appears in its place - a lozenge.
The chemical composition of stems, leaves, purslane seeds deserves special attention. They contain important vitamins such as:
- carotene, vitamin A
- tocopherol, vitamin E
- ascorbic acid, vitamin C
- nicotinic acid, vitamin B 3
- phylloquinone, vitamin K 1
Macro and microelements:
In addition, vegetable purslane is a source of vegetable protein and carbohydrates. It is thanks to this composition that purslane is widely used both in cooking and in folk medicine. As a garden culture, purslane is completely unpretentious.
How to plant and grow vegetable purslane
Despite the fact that very often the vegetable purslane grows as a weed crop, breeders have bred cultivars of this plant. The following varieties can be recommended for growing on the site:
- Firefly, the variety is good in that it has a good yield, it takes no more than a month from sowing to cutting, the stems are quite long, up to 50 cm, the mass of one bush, stems with leaves, reaches 250 grams, the disadvantage is not frost-resistant.
- Poppy, early ripening variety, the first cut is possible in 20 days, the weight of the bush is up to 100 grams.
- Kuzminsky Semko, the earliest variety, the first cut in 15 days, the leaves are juicy, fleshy.
Before planting a purslane, you must prepare a bed for it in advance. It is better if it is located in a southern, well-lit and well-heated area. Artificial or natural protection from the north side will not interfere. The soil is dug to the depth of the shovel, humus and complex mineral fertilizer are introduced for digging. In heavy clay soil, you need to add sand about 10 kg per square meter. You can grow purslane either by sowing in the ground or by sowing seedlings.
Purslane on video:
The time of sowing seedlings is mid-March, the pots for planting are first filled with drainage material, fine gravel is suitable. The soil is made up of garden soil, to which 1/5 of the sand is added. All this is well roasted in the oven. Before sowing, in one day, the soil in pots must be shed with warm, settled water. The seeding depth is 4 - 5 mm, the distance between them is 1 cm. The container is covered with foil or glass. If you place crops on the warmest and sunniest window, water it all the time with warm water and maintain a temperature of at least +22, then the purslane grows quite quickly. At the end of May, young plants can be planted in the garden. As soon as the soil warms up, you can sow seeds directly into the ground, making shallow grooves in the garden bed.
Further care comes down to weeding and watering in dry summers. The frequency of watering is every four to five days. Purslane very quickly takes up the space of the garden bed and "slides" into the aisles, occupying all the boundaries. Since the seed pods ripen uncommonly and it is impossible to collect them on time, some of the seeds scatter and germinate the next spring. Garden purslane very rarely gets sick and is affected by pests, so it is not difficult to grow it as a vegetable or medicinal crop.
The use of vegetable purslane in folk medicine and cooking
In folk medicine, purslane is used primarily to lower blood glucose levels. Natural juice can be obtained from the leaves and used to normalize carbohydrate metabolism. Also, purslane is used for diseases of the kidneys, liver, bloating. Purslane should be included in the diet of men suffering from impotence. Purslane seed oil has been shown to help treat several skin conditions, including lichen.
Vitamin K1 content can increase blood clotting and control bleeding. Also, vegetable purslane helps with sleep disturbances, lack of vitamin C and other diseases and metabolic disorders. Therefore, the inclusion of purslane in the diet will benefit the body, it is only necessary to take into account the individual intolerance of the plant.
Purslane in cooking
Purslane salads are combined with meat, poultry and fish dishes. The simplest recipe is purslane marinated with garlic. For this dish, it is enough to cut off the required number of stems with leaves, sort out and rinse them in water to remove soil residues. Boil vegetable purslane in salted water until the stems are soft. Remove the stems from the water and mix with the garlic passed through a press. Add vinegar to part of the broth to taste and pour the stems with garlic. After a day, the salad will infuse and you can serve it on the table. In winter, purslane can be grown on a windowsill and added to almost any salad.