Also

Seed grapes, how to grow a seedling yourself

Seed grapes, how to grow a seedling yourself


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Grapes are among the plants that gardeners are always interested in growing. Currently, there are varieties and hybrids that manage not only to yield crops in a temperate climate, but also to withstand frosts up to -30 degrees under cover.

In the conditions of amateur viticulture, it is most convenient to obtain planting material by cuttings or by purchasing a finished seedling.

However, it so happens that there is a need to grow grapes from seed, and this is due to some features of the plant, from harvesting seeds to planting in the ground and caring for a young seedling.

Content:

  • How to prepare grape seeds for planting
  • Soil preparation and sowing of grape seeds after stratification
  • Caring for grapes from seed in the first summer, waiting for the harvest

How to prepare grape seeds for planting

Deciding to grow grapes from seed, the grower may pursue certain goals:

  • breeding work
  • getting a seedling of your favorite variety
  • obtaining seedlings for decorative purposes
  • growing rootstocks

In hobby gardening, the latter three goals are justified. Successful seedling from the seed begins with the selection of ripe large berries, which must be aged until fully ripe.

Free the seeds from the selected berries from the pulp. To remove the remaining pulp, rinse them under running water. You can also soak them for a couple of hours.

After that, the resulting seeds should be sorted out, giving preference to a large specimen of beige, brown or dark brown color.

Selected seeds need to be stratified. It needs to be carried out for several months to increase germination.

It is optimal to start stratification no later than December. This will allow you to get a grape seedling of the size that will allow it to be transplanted into open ground by the beginning of summer.

For this, the selected bones are placed and wrapped in a damp cloth. The package is placed in a plastic bag and sent to the refrigerator for 6 to 8 weeks.

The optimal temperature regime is not higher than + 3 degrees and not lower than 0. Regularly, about 1 time in 10 days, grape seeds must be removed and examined.

In order to prevent mold from appearing, they must be rinsed with water each time. After one and a half to two months, the hard surface shell of the grape seed will begin to crack. This signals the end of stratification.

At its last stage, the seeds should be placed on top of a well-moistened gauze cloth or cotton swab and placed in a warm place, a simple warm battery will do.

There is no need to wrap and close the bones on top. After about three days, white and thin roots will appear at the seeds - this means the time has come to embed them in the ground.

Soil preparation and sowing of grape seeds after stratification

The land for growing grape seedlings from seeds can be prepared independently by mixing calcined sand, humus and garden soil in equal proportions.

Fill the planting containers with this composition, after making a drainage hole in them and filling the bottom with any drainage material.

It is advisable to take a separate glass or container for each sunflower seed. The depth of planting grape seeds in the ground should not exceed 15 mm.

Seedling pots are placed in a well-lit place; south-facing windows are ideal for this.

Before the seedling appears on the surface of the earth, you need to monitor the moisture content of the soil, perhaps, in order to avoid drying it out, for the first time you need to cover the pots with film or glass.

An important condition for germination is the air temperature, in the daytime it should not be lower than +20, at night - not lower than + 15. After eight to twelve days, the seed sprouts.

At the next stage, the grape sprout obtained from the seed must be provided with mineral and organic fertilizing, moderate humidity and sunlight for at least 8 hours a day.

At this stage, fertilizing the seedling must be done at least once every ten days, alternating the application of nitrogen fertilization with phosphorus. Regular loosening has a good effect on the growth of grapes.

When the grapes reach a size of 10 cm, then you need to decide on its further growth.

If indoor cultivation is planned, then the seedling must be transferred into a pot with a volume of at least three to four liters, if in the future the bush will grow in the garden, then before summer it can be left in the same container, and in the first days of June planted in open ground after pre-hardening in the open air.

It is desirable that by the time of transplanting, the height of the shoots is at least 25 - 30 cm.

Before planting in a permanent place, the seedling must be taken out into the open air for several days.

If it grew in poor light, it is necessary to "accustom" it not only to the street temperature during the day and at night, but also to bright sunlight so that the leaves do not get sunburn.

Caring for grapes from seed in the first summer, waiting for the harvest

It is necessary to transplant the grown seedling into the garden in a sunny, windless place, in a planting pit filled with a mixture of humus, sand, garden soil.

After planting the roots of the seedling in the ground, you need to install a vertical support. During the first summer, grapes grown from seed must be loosened and watered, and weeds underneath must be regularly weeded.

With good care and favorable weather for the first summer, the ground part will overcome one meter in height, and the root system will grow and strengthen.

It is better to start formative pruning not earlier than the third year of life. With the right selection of varieties for cultivation through sowing seeds, after three to four years you can see the first harvest.

It is best to use seeds from the following grape varieties:

  • Chaush
  • Mascot
  • Northern
  • Taiga
  • Delight is black
  • Laura

If the grapes are grown for the sake of berries, then in order to assess how much the properties and taste of the original berries were transferred to the seedlings from the seed, it is advisable to get several bushes, since not all of them will be similar to the original version, and some will be just wild non-varietal grapes.

If the grapes were grown for decorative purposes, then any bush obtained from seeds will be suitable for vertical gardening of the site.

Regardless of the result, the experience of growing grapes from seed will come in handy for any gardener and winegrower.

A striking example of grapes grown from seed:


Watch the video: How To Grow Red Globe Grapes From Seeds. Its Called Manaka Angoor (June 2022).


Comments:

  1. Kurt

    Bravo, this wonderful thought will come in handy

  2. Lane

    gut! I often invent something like this myself ...



Write a message