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The bright and at the same time graceful flowering of lilies attracts the eyes of even people who are indifferent to flowers. The variety of shapes and colors of inflorescences, from innocent white to dark burgundy, satisfies the most demanding and picky grower.
- Lilies, general information
- Choosing a place and soil for growing lilies
- Planting lilies
- Lily care
Lilies, general information
Growing lilies, planting and caring for them is within the power of both a professional and an amateur. It is important to follow just a few rules:
- correct choice of variety
- selection of planting material
- seat selection
- disease control
To do this correctly, it is important to understand some of the biological characteristics of lilies.
Lilies - These plants belong to perennial herbaceous bulbous plants. Lily bulbs are formed by nothing more than fleshy, thickened leaves, which are called grass roots.
Bulbs are usually painted white or yellow. Lily bulbs are edible. The bottom of the bulb turns into a straight stem, most often without branching. In some varieties, few branches may be present in the upper part. Leaves can be either petioled or sessile on the stem.
Lily flowers are funnel-shaped or bell-shaped, formed by six elongated petals. The tops of the petals are bent, some lilies have more, almost twisting, like a lily - a locust, others have less.
It is noteworthy that lilies' feathers are attached to long thin filaments and secrete a sweet sap, which is attractive to pollinating insects. The plant forms a fruit capsule that contains many seeds.
In the wild, most of these bulbous plant species are found in both Europe and Asia. About six species are found in North America. Wild species of lilies gave rise to cultivated varieties and hybrids, now there are more than thirty varieties of them.
Many cultivated species received unpretentiousness from their ancestors, so growing lilies in the garden is not particularly difficult.
Choosing a place and soil for growing lilies
Before choosing a place in the garden for lilies, you need to decide on the types and varieties. The requirement for the illumination of the site may differ, so Tubular hybrids will prefer to grow in a well-lit sunny place, and locusts and Oriental hybrids thrive in the shade. Asian hybrids are less demanding on the amount of light; they can grow both in the sun and in partial shade.
Lilies also have different requirements for soil. Some of the lilies, such as the locust, the royal are well tolerated by slightly alkaline, with a small content of lime soil. Long-flowered lilies, Canadian lilies cannot stand such soils at all.
What all lilies have in common is that they love soil with a high humus content, but are completely unsuitable to grow on sandy or heavy clay soils.
If it is not possible to plant lilies on medium, sandy loam or loamy soils, then it is necessary to improve the soil that is present in the place chosen for flowers. If there is sand on the site, then a clay bed should be arranged under the bed. If the soil is clay, then it is necessary to sand, add about 1/5 of the sand to the ground before planting the lilies. This will make the earth lighter, more breathable and more permeable.
The introduction of peat, humus, compost will also be beneficial for the growth of lilies. But in no case should fresh manure be introduced. Even the best soil requires some preparation before planting the bulbs.
- Garden bed preparation. It is advisable to dig a bed for lilies in advance, to a depth of a bayonet or one and a half bayonets of a shovel. When digging, apply mineral fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium. If you plan to plant varieties that do not tolerate acidic soils, then you cannot do without the introduction of lime, chalk, ash. For one square meter, at least 200 - 300 grams must be applied, and on highly acidic soils - up to 0.5 kg. If the soils are alkaline, and the planting of Eastern hybrids is planned, then after the introduction of peat, humus, leafy earth, the earth must be shed with a strong solution of potassium permanganate. If the soil is dry, then it must be well moistened before planting the lilies.
- Planting with bulbs. It is most convenient to plant lilies with bulbs. The best planting material is large dormant bulbs with intact scales. If the bulbs look dry, they should be immersed in the epin solution for a couple of hours. For large bulbs, the depth of the hole should be at least 20 - 25 cm, for smaller ones, from 10 cm to 15 cm. After the bulb is installed in the hole, the roots should be straightened, then covered with soil and watered abundantly.
- Scaly - planting with scales. This method can be used without digging the bulb out of the ground. In the fall, several external scales are separated, washed and disinfected with fungicides. Then they are placed in moist perlite and kept at room temperature. After about 60 days, bulbs appear at the base of the scales. They should be kept in a cool place until spring. The bulb continues to feed on the scales. In the spring, everything is planted in the ground. It makes sense to use this method when it is necessary to propagate a very rare variety, since such a bulb will not bloom before five years.
The optimal timing for planting lilies begins in the second half of August and continues until mid-September. Practice shows that the bulbs are planted at a later date, as well as they are planted in the spring, immediately after the soil thaws. For autumn plantings, it is better to mulch the bed with a layer of leaf humus or peat, at least 10 cm thick.
In the first year after planting, lilies may not show the declared varietal sizes of the stem and flowers. In one place, with proper care, flowers can grow for many years.
If the place for growing lilies is chosen correctly, then caring for them is not particularly difficult. It basically boils down to:
- top dressing
- disease prevention
Plants are usually fed twice. The first spring feeding is carried out before flowering. The plant is fertilized with a complete complex mineral fertilizer.
After flowering, potassium-phosphorus mixtures are introduced. In dry weather, plants need deep watering. It is produced directly under the root, and the root zone is mulched. Lilies, like many bulbous plants, are quite resistant to various diseases. But in damp and cold weather, botrytis appears on the leaves - dark spots. For prophylaxis use "Fitosporin".
"Topaz" and "Skor" also give good results. The lily fly can be the cause of the buds falling off. In this case, it is better to remove the affected buds, and the next spring, from the first days of May, to spray with Aktara insecticide. Compliance with simple rules for planting and growing lilies will delight the gardener with beautiful and long flowering.
Video about planting lilies and growing them: