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The homeland of Likoris is the Far East. This amazing flower grows in China and Japan, Thailand and Korea, on the shores of Burma, and is considered a wild flower of the field in these places. In our country, lycoris is grown in the southern regions, as a garden or houseplant, becoming more and more popular with lovers of amazing exotic plants.
- Varieties of lycoris
- Growing and caring for lycoris
- Breeding and transplanting tips
Varieties of lycoris
In its homeland, lycoris has more than 20 different subspecies, while only six were imported to Russia, and the main four are especially popular with amateur gardeners:
- Licoris radiant
- Licoris blood red
- Licoris Scaly
- Licoris golden
Each of the plant subspecies is thermophilic, prefers growing temperatures from 27C in the garden and up to 19-20C in the room. Radiant and scaly lycoris, with proper care, can reach a height of up to 60 cm - blood red barely reaches 40 cm.
Licoris is especially popular due to its original appearance, narrow long (up to 15 cm) petals and stamens. In Japan, this type of flower is called "bright spider".
Blood-red lycoris blooms with five to six red flowers, 3-5 cm in diameter, has small leaves. In China, this species is considered one of the most common field plants. Red lycoris plantations are even protected in China by special conservation services.
Licoris Scaly is better known in South Korea. The leaves of the flower are belt-shaped, have a juicy green-gray tint, and the flowers are of an unusually beautiful bluish-pink color, resembling a funnel in shape. The diameter of the flower reaches 5-7 cm. The golden lycoris visually resembles a lily, but differs significantly from it in its long curved stamens. The flowers are straight, the stem reaches 70 cm in length, the leaves are juicy, dark green in color.
The best option for growing lycoris is the presence of sandy soils with drainage, fertilized with organic matter. The main things to look out for when growing this plant are:
Licorice is a very thermophilic plant, therefore, when growing, it is important to strictly observe the required temperature regime. Taking into account the dry air in the heated rooms, the temperature in the room where the licoris is planted should not exceed 20C. In conditions of plant growth in a garden bed, you need to choose the northern, slightly shaded side of the garden, where the temperature would not rise above 27C.
With abundant growth of the stem and leaves, watering should be carried out when the soil is completely dry (in no case should it dry out). The ground should always be slightly damp. At the beginning of summer, when the leaves of the plant wilt, and before flowering (August - September), the flower is no longer watered.
To grow a strong, flowering lycoris, you need the right lighting. In early April, when the flower begins to "wake up" and the growing season begins, in indoor conditions additional diffused lighting may be needed, since the daylight hours are still very short.
In the garden or on the flower bed for the lycoris, you need to choose places that are well protected from the wind, but at the same time, well warmed up by the sun's rays. Practice shows that plants in our climatic conditions easily take root in the partial shade of large deciduous trees. If the plant blooms healthy and well, it does not need additional feeding or transplantation.
Breeding and transplanting tips
Licoris is an unpretentious plant that can live in one place for up to 4-5 years, and only after this period does it need a transplant. Of course, this does not apply to diseased and withering plants, which simply need urgent, special care, replenishment with the necessary fertilizers and urgent transplantation.
A flower transplant is best done in the fall. For the bulbs, it is necessary to prepare the ground in the following composition: one part each of sand, peat and leafy earth. Bulbs are determined into the mixture to a depth of 12-14 cm and left to winter in such conditions without watering.
The plant propagates by seeds and daughter bulbs. Each onion is divided into two annually, which can only be separated after the lycoris has faded. The separated bulb takes root for a very long time, and in the year when the transplant took place it may not produce a single flower.
The dormant period for a plant is not only winter, but also summer. During the summer months, the leaves fall and the plant "falls asleep" until August-September. During the flowering period, up to 3-5 flowers appear on the stem, which last from 3 to 4 weeks.
After the separation and planting of a new small bulb, one should not rely on a large and long color of the plant - lycoris grows reluctantly and slowly, sometimes requiring up to 5-6 months for the development of a strong root system. Only with the observance of the required temperature regime, watering and proper lighting can you achieve the fact that Lycoris will become a truly amazing ornamental plant in your garden.
Admire the beauty of Lycoris in the video: