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Lavatera, a plant from the Malvaceae family, is popularly known as khatma. Once a fairly popular, and later undeservedly forgotten plant, today Lavatera is experiencing a new surge of interest from gardeners and summer residents. Firstly, this is due to the minimum cost of caring for the plant and its unpretentiousness, and secondly, the flowers of the lavater are very beautiful and diverse in appearance.
In addition to the riot of color that many varieties of Lavatera demonstrate, it is also different in the height of its stems, which allows it to be used both in the garden and in indoor plant growing.
- The healing properties of lavater
- Features of growth and care
- Lavatera varieties
- Building a flower bed
The healing properties of lavatera
For the first time, the Lavater was described by the Swiss naturalists and healers of the 17th century by the Lavater brothers, by whose last name these flowers were named. Initially, the naturalists of Lavatera discovered wild-growing plant varieties. Over the years, Lavater has been found on all continents. Using traditional medicine in their medical practice, the Lavaters discovered the healing properties of this plant.
In the pharmaceutical industry, the Thuringian Lavatera is especially appreciated. Therefore, among the variety of varieties, the Lavater, or, as it is also called, the Thuringian hautma, should definitely be planted on your personal plot:
- Lavater leaves are rich in vitamin C and are often used to treat lichen.
- A decoction of Lavatera roots can heal lung diseases and relieve cold symptoms, as well as successfully treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Also, infusion of the roots is used to treat various skin lesions.
- An ointment prepared using dried leaves of lavatera has been used in the treatment of rheumatism and neuralgia.
- Lavater leaves and flowers are harvested during the flowering period of the plant, because during this period, they contain the maximum concentration of alkaloids and flavonoids.
- The roots are harvested after the lavatera has faded, usually in the fall.
Having Thuringian Lavater in their flower garden, gardeners acquire not only a beautifully blooming plant all summer, but also an irreplaceable healer of many ailments.
Features of growth and care
Initially, Africa and Europe were considered the birthplace of the lavater, but, later, it was found on all continents and in almost all latitudes. Due to its prevalence, selected varieties of Lavater are very unpretentious both to climatic conditions and to the choice of soil.
Lavatera grows in any soil, loves a loose soil structure. For a more saturated color of inflorescences, you can periodically fertilize the soil and fertilize, but this does not require frequent actions, usually experienced gardeners do this before flowering and at the time of flowering, when the ovary of buds is formed. In addition, Lavatera grows equally well in both shaded and sunny areas.
The plant also does not require frequent watering, it is enough to water the flower as the soil dries up or once every seven days, which is convenient for people who go to the country only on weekends. Lavatera is completely immune to the vagaries of the weather, but due to the height of the plants, it is better to tie up the stems so that they are not broken by a strong wind.
Lavatera blooms in almost any weather, even at temperatures below 15 degrees Celsius. Lavater is also unique in that it has strong immunity to many pests and diseases. The only disease that can damage a flower is rust. When a plant is affected by this disease, dark spots form on the leaves. In this case, the leaves are removed.
In case of severe damage, the entire plant should be removed. Also flowers that have already finished their flowering should be removed, because the mucus produced by decomposition can cause burns to the leaves.
Simple care for the lavater will not cause much concern even for novice gardeners and summer residents, and the variety of varieties will allow you to create a unique flower bed design.
Lavatera is a lush bushy plant with many large bell-shaped flowers. As a result of the work of breeders, the main types of lavater are annual, biennial and perennial plant varieties. And although there are more than 20 types of lavater in our time, it is worth considering some of the most interesting of them:
- Novella: for a lavatera, a very low plant, only about 20 cm. The flowers are large, pink, this variety of lavatera begins to bloom early. Also suitable for indoor growing. Planted on the site can grow up to 60 cm.
- Byte Sherub: produces low shoots, up to 35 cm in height. The flowers are white, large. Suitable for both indoor and garden floriculture.
- Mont Blanc: grows up to 60 cm in height. The flowers are bright white with well-pronounced veins.
- Pink Beauty: grows up to 60 cm. It has delicate pink flowers with dark, well-defined veins.
- Silver Cap: grows up to 70 cm in height. It blooms with bright pink flowers with burgundy veins.
- Mixture of colors: gives stems 60-80 cm in height. The flowers are large, up to 10 cm in diameter, white, pink and dark pink in color.
- Ruby Lavatera: an annual plant-producing variety, 1 m high. Differs in flowers of delicate ruby shades.
- Silk and cashmere: grows up to 80 cm, characterized by rich scarlet flowers.
- Garden rose: reaches a height of 1 m. It blooms with both white and pink flowers, there are also white flowers with dark pink veins. It is interesting because it grows quite quickly.
- Lovelyness: grows slightly taller than Silver Cap, up to 75 cm in height. It also blooms with bright pink flowers with burgundy, well-defined veins.
- Lavatera Thuringian: gives tall stems, up to 2 m in height. It blooms with beautiful pink flowers with individual heart-shaped petals.
Building a flower bed
For the spring planting of seedlings, it is necessary to start germinating the seeds of the lavater in March April in order to be able to plant them in the ground in May. Tk. The plant is viable and frost-resistant, you can not be afraid of early planting. The sprouts should be planted at a distance of 20-30 cm from each other, after watering and fertilizing the soil with phosphate-potassium fertilizers.
While the plants are not yet sufficiently grown, it is necessary to weed them periodically. In the future, this is not necessary, since Lavater will "clog" any weed.
Choosing the necessary varieties from the variety offered in stores, you can create a unique flower garden on the site. For example, you can create an imitation of a slide by varying the types of Lavater in height. For example, you can plant varieties of Lavater, ranging from the smallest to giant varieties.
It can be first the Mont Blanc variety, the next row can be the Mix of Colors variety, then Ruby Lavatera or Garden Rose, and, of course, the Lavatera Thuringian variety because of its medicinal properties.
Choosing color solutions when planting a lavater, you can pleasantly please the eye with a riot of color in your personal plot. For example, you can mix seedlings of the varieties Mont Blanc, Silver Cap, Mix of Colors and Silk and Cashmere, all of these varieties are approximately the same in height, but very varied in color.
For beginners or just very busy gardeners, Lavatera, represented by a large variety of its colors and sizes, is an indispensable plant that allows you to easily break a beautiful flower bed or add new flowers to an existing flower garden.
See how to combine lavender and lawn grass in the video: