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The point of growing any fruit, vegetable or berry on your backyard is to get a rich harvest. Every gardener wants the efforts spent on caring for a particular crop to be rewarded with tasty and healthy fruits.
- Features of caring for peppers in the open field
- Watering pepper in the open field
- Top dressing of peppers in the open field
- Pepper care features when growing in a greenhouse
- Basic measures for the care of peppers in a greenhouse
- Pepper pests and diseases
Therefore, before deciding to grow any culture, you need to carefully study the activities that need to be carried out to care for horticultural crops. And among them you need to choose one that will be pleasant to look after, and not very difficult.
Many do not dare to start Bulgarian pepper in their garden, because the conditions for growing in the open field are not suitable for everyone because of the climate, and it is expensive to build a greenhouse on the site, or there is not enough space. But those who still want to feast on the tasty and healthy fruits of pepper need to know about the peculiarities of caring for this crop.
Features of caring for peppers in the open field
Taking care of outdoor peppers in the garden is similar to that used for tomato care. Pepper requires watering, weeding, timely feeding, loosening the soil, protection from pests and diseases. In addition to such simple manipulations, stepchildren will need to be removed from the pepper bushes.
Watering pepper in the open field
During the planting procedure itself, the pepper is watered, then re-watering must be carried out 4-5 days after planting. If the weather does not indulge in rains, then regularly water the planting of pepper every 8-10 days. This watering regime will be maintained until the first fruits appear on the bushes. If not so many fruits are formed, then they can be removed from the bushes earlier than the bulk.
After the mass ripening of the peppers, they take a short break in watering, which is renewed and made regular when flowers appear on the plants again.
Top dressing of peppers in the open field
Fertilize pepper with nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus (especially the last two) will need to be at least three times during the summer season.
For the first time, it is recommended to fertilize approximately two weeks after planting the seedlings in the ground. The second is performed during the period of mass fruit setting, and the third feeding is carried out approximately 15-20 days after the second fertilization.
It is better to feed peppers by spraying micronutrients, so they are better absorbed by plants, the fruits grow evenly and evenly in shape.
It is better to loosen the soil after rain in order to break the earth crust on the surface of the beds. Weeds are pulled out when they become clearly visible. In hot climates, peppers will require shelter over the beds.
Pepper care features when growing in a greenhouse
Even in a greenhouse, it is better to grow peppers using the seedling method. Our latitudes are still not as warm as we would like, even in the greenhouse in early spring, the soil has not yet warmed up enough so that the plantings do not die. In greenhouses with organized heating, seedlings can be planted as early as March, but in ordinary greenhouses - not earlier than the second half of April. At least the soil should be warmed up to +18 degrees.
The soil for the pepper must be carefully selected: it must be fertile, rich in humus, and loose. It will be good to add compost and humus to it, it will be good to dig up the beds. Pepper grows very well on those soils where cucumbers, beans, zucchini grew before it.
Basic measures for the care of peppers in a greenhouse
In order for the pepper to grow well and give a decent harvest, it is necessary:
- create a favorable temperature regime in the greenhouse - the air should be at least +25 degrees, and the soil temperature + 18-22 degrees;
- there must be enough light in the greenhouse for the growth and development of plants;
- watering is necessary regularly, preferably in the afternoon;
- loosen the ground after watering;
- create sufficient air humidity inside the greenhouse, otherwise, at a low level, flowers will crumble, and, accordingly, there will be no harvest;
- important are fertilizing with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, as well as trace elements - manganese, iodine, boron and zinc;
- if pests are found, it is necessary to destroy them as soon as possible, so as not to harm all plantings.
Pepper pests and diseases
With both cultivation methods, peppers are affected by the same pests and diseases.
Among the most common pests are spider mites and aphids. If they are found on plants, it is necessary to process them with special insecticides that fight harmful insects as soon as possible.
With a lack of watering and moisture, some parts of the peppers' fruits can sink inward and darken, eventually becoming covered with gray rot, which is reflected in their external attractiveness and taste. It is unlikely that anyone would want to eat such unsightly and damaged fruits. Therefore, it is so important to ensure the plants are regularly and adequately watered.