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Pruning grapes is a mandatory agronomic technique necessary for the annual removal of most of the annual growth and some part of the older vines (if necessary). Often pruning grapes for beginners is not a very clear operation. Pruning is also necessary to overcome the polarity of the vine. In each specific case, the tasks of pruning depend on the age periods of the life of the grape plant.
Pruning young busheswho are at the age of accumulation of vegetative mass, start from the first year of planting in order to give the bush a certain shape. Then pruning mature fruiting bushes should be carried out every year to maintain their shape, to obtain a good yield of the grape plant without weakening the growth force of the bush and facilitating the shelter of the bushes for the winter. After the grapes enter the aging period, pruning is carried out to prolong its productivity. There are also special types of pruning applied to plants affected by frost, hail, etc.
So that pruning grapes for beginners does not turn into failures, you need to know the main mistakes that can be made. The most common of these is shortening only the tops of the bush and cutting out already dry vines. Novice gardeners feel sorry for the plant, so they neglect the rules of pruning. This leads to thickening of bushes, insufficient lighting of shoots and bunches and, as a result, to thinning of the vine, delay in its ripening, decrease in yield and deterioration of its quality.