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Planting and caring for potatoes is not difficult, but requires due attention and time. First of all, it is necessary to prepare the soil for planting this culture. This should be done in the fall. The site needs to be cleared of weeds, as well as to destroy pests. Then dig up the soil by adding the following fertilizers (calculation per 1 sq. M.):
- compost - 1 bucket,
- superphosphate - 30g.,
- potassium salt - 15 gr.
In the spring, it is worth fertilizing the soil with nitrogen fertilizers.
You can start planting potatoes when the ground temperature is at least five degrees. Potato tubers are used for planting (if you want to harvest an early crop, then they should be germinated first.). Immediately before planting, you can delimit the planting sites with a thread, for convenience. Potato rows should be at a distance of about 60 cm from each other. In a row, the distance between tubers is 30 cm. Planting depth is 6-10 cm.
You need to start caring for your future crop five days after planting. Arm yourself with a rake and slightly loosen the ground. This action will kill weeds and pests at the root. The same procedure must be done after each watering and rain, but only when the water is completely absorbed into the ground. Potatoes are fed with liquid bird droppings at the rate of 100 grams per 1 sq.m. Potatoes should be watered at the rate of 3 liters of water per 1 bush. The amount of watering depends on weather conditions (rain, drought), but usually 3-5 times per season.