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Among the various forms of cultivation respectful of nature there is also the integrated struggle; it is not a true organic gardening, but a type of cultivation that, while using all the chemical and physical tools to improve crops, tends to do so only when strictly necessary, and following the rhythms and times of nature .
Broadly speaking, conventional gardening is done following standard cycles, which include preventive treatments against pests and diseases integrated struggle try to avoid unnecessary or superfluous treatments, trying to spread various types of poisons in the garden only when they are actually needed.
This type of cultivation is practiced by choosing preferably plant protection products that are little or not at all harmful to humans, small animals and useful insects; so who practices the integrated struggle it will prefer products such as modified bacillus turingensis, which is harmful only to the insects we want to suppress, and harmless to the rest of the garden population.
To practice a good integrated struggle, and to practice pesticide treatments only when necessary, it is fundamental to monitor the presence of parasites in the garden, so as to intervene to eradicate them only when they are actually present. Generally the most used instruments for this type of monitoring are traps of various types, from those with pheromones, to larger insects, up to the color traps for small insects.
Another type of monitoring consists in evaluating the environmental factors that favor the development of some diseases; a typical example is the peach bubble, which develops preferably after spring rains followed by low temperatures.
Following the occurrence of these factors, a treatment with the plant protection product is practiced, preferably choosing a biological or poorly environmentally harmful plant protection product.
Integrated fight: Environments
In addition to the use of pesticides for nothing or poorly harmful, in the integrated struggle very valid methods are used in the fight against pests.
The first one surely consists in the use of healthy plants and particularly resistant to the attack of the parasites themselves; often in a small cultivation to eradicate a parasite it is sufficient to eradicate and destroy the few plants that are initially affected by the parasite itself.
It is also possible to simply introduce useful insects into the garden, which tend to contain the population of harmful insects; a typical example is that of ladybirds, whose larvae feed on aphids and scale insects.
Also the presence in the field of wild plants or hedges, which serve as a shelter for useful insects, is a useful practice for the health of crops, as well as an adequate watering and the use of "natural" fertilizers.