We are searching data for your request:
Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Pots on the balcony
Walking through the streets of any town in the Alto Adige, in spring, we all marvel at the effect of some geranium or surfinia flower pots; when we get home, we run to the nursery, we gather some seedlings, and we hope that the miracle will also take place on our terrace. Unfortunately this does not always happen, and we despair, trying to think what is the magic that our neighbor puts in place to make her beautiful geraniums flourish, always and abundantly.
In fact, to have beautiful lush flowers on the terrace, in the summer, there are few rules to follow: but they should be followed, otherwise you will find yourself with some sad vase containing dry soil and sad leaves.
Let's look at the terrace
First of all, before we even run in the nursery, we look at our terrace. Not all plants grow everywhere: some need a lot of sun, others prefer shade; some need lots of space and ample vases, others prefer small containers; some fear the wind, and at the first storm can be ruined by the first blow of intense air.
For this reason it is good to be aware of what we want to put on the terrace, but also of what we can place on our balcony, which may be exposed to the north, in a very hot and sultry place.
Fortunately, the balcony plants are every year more, since the number of flower lovers who only have a corner of the sky where to cultivate their passion is decidedly wider, compared to the number of those who can afford a large garden.
So know already that in the nursery you will find flowers for each position, from full sun to complete shade.
- Flowers for the light sun or partial shade: geranium, verbena, nasturtium, lantana, lobelia, salvias (there are many varieties and species), sundavilla, surfinia, petunia (and various hybrids and varieties), portulaca, lampranto, impatiens "New Guinea", angelonia, daisies of all kinds, diascia, coleus, nicotiana.
- Flowers for the shade and shade: torenia, gerbera, lysimachia, liriope, mendevilla, impatiens, begonia, alisso, oxalis, saponaria, agerato, bacopa, fuchsia, nemesia.
Most of these plants can be found at the nursery near your home; some if you want you can try to sow them, sometimes it gives more satisfaction to cultivate something "from the beginning".
Vases and soil
We often tend not to remember that pot cultivation is a stretch, and few plants find it pleasant to have to develop in a confined space; from the beginning of the vegetative season until the end our plants will always remain in the same small portion of land, without being able to expand their roots in search of water and mineral salts: how would you feel if in May they gave you 5 steaks and 6 liters of water, telling you that you have to let them do it until September?
Our plants feel more or less like this, so we will have to make sure that water and mineral salts do not miss them, or otherwise we will see less and less flowers and fewer leaves.
First of all let's equip ourselves with pots and potting soil.
We choose the best soil possible, since our plants on the balcony will have little substrate, at least they have good quality; and we always avoid reusing the potting soil of the previous year, the one in which we left the geraniums to die last September: first of all it is an exhausted soil, now devoid of mineral salts; secondly, if last year's plants had parasites, it is very likely that these parasites wintered in the pot.
So we buy new soil, of good quality, and in abundance, so that we can well cover the roots of newly planted plants.
If necessary we also buy new pots, to replace the old, now ruined, cracked or encrusted ones; or even simply to place a vase where we didn't put them last year.
We avoid huge pots, especially if we want to plant geraniums and surfines; but let us also avoid the tiny vases: when in doubt we show the number of plants we have chosen to the nurseryman, and ask him for an opinion on how many to put in each container.
Fertilizer and watering
Yes, it would be better, periodically, to supply fertilizer to our plants, since they are closed in those small pots. Therefore we consider that, for the whole beautiful season, we will have to periodically water our plants, and provide a fertilizer.
Watering will follow the climate: the hotter and drier it is, the more often we will have to water; in this we can help the capacious saucers: the laziest can simply fill the saucers when they see the dry ground; for 2-3 days, or even more, it should be enough.
The fertilizations, from May to September, should be provided every 10-12 days, always using the recommended dose on the fertilizer packaging: better a little less, rather than a little more.
For the laziest, when planting the plants, we mix the soil with a slow release granular fertilizer, in this way one fertilization will suffice for the whole summer.
If then as well as lazy, we are also careless, and we forget about water and fertilizer, we exaggerate: we can mix granular fertilizer to the ground, and insert a long dripping wing in the pots, to hook on to a tap, complete with a timer; in this way our plants will be periodically watered.
Pots on the balcony: Pests
It often happens that seasonal plants are affected by parasites, such as molds, fungi, aphids, caterpillars. In the case of mold and fungus, they generally tend to develop in excessively humid and lacking aeration; therefore guaranteeing the right space and the right watering can prevent any type of fungal infestation.
In the case instead of infestations from insects, we will have to resort to specific insecticides for every single problem; there are very effective chemical products on the market, and products suitable for organic farming, which are less harmful to the environment; it's up to us to choose the type of product we prefer.
If desired, there are also systemic products, that is, they enter the plant with watering, some of these are sold in practical tablets, to be inserted in the pot.