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How to make the lawn of your dreams(sowing)
Many people believe, erroneously, that in order to create a beautiful garden it is necessary to possess a wealth of technical and specific knowledge equal to that of an agronomist; in reality it is enough to follow a series of simple rules and have a lot of passion, and a little free time, to get good results.
Let's see what are the factors to consider for the construction of a beautiful lawn.
First we must carefully choose, when possible, the area to be used for the creation of our garden, a choice that must be made very carefully by following a few simple parameters:
· It is first of all important to evaluate the degree of brightness of the chosen area (sunny or in the shade) to choose the most suitable seed.
· It is good to choose a flat surface or, in the case of ornamental lawn, a slightly undulating surface.
· Possibly choose a plot with southern or south-western exposure.
· Make sure the ground is deep enough (at least 60 cm.).
· Look for an area with a tendentially neutral pH and a good amount of organic substance.
· If possible, choose a soil with a fine texture and a non-compact structure.
· Remember in the end that a slight excess of sandy parts is preferable to a very high content of clayey parts, which make the soil not very suitable for accommodating a turf.
Evaluating the climate and the luminosity to which our future lawn will be exposed during the year, is important in order to be able to better evaluate the most suitable type of seed to be used (resistant to excessive sun, suitable for shaded areas, for recreational areas etc.).
It will then be necessary to know the characteristics of the terrain (for example through a soil analysis) in order to identify its chemical and physical characteristics. Among the physical requirements it is good to take into consideration the fact that the grounds destined to the creation of a turf must be fertile and at least 30/40 cm deep in order to allow the roots to expand in an adequate way and to be able to easily absorb the water and the nourishment necessary for the development of essences. It should be remembered that in clayey and excessively impermeable soils it may be useful to supply organic material and sand in order to improve their permeability and aeration. On the contrary, in the case of too soft and permeable soils, it may be necessary to add peat and clayey material to increase its plasticity and water retention.
The most important chemical requirement to be assessed is undoubtedly the pH of the soil, ie the degree of acidity or alkalinity that it presents. The pH should be neutral, with a value therefore equal to 7, or slightly acid, with values between 5.5 and 6.5, it is however possible to correct the characteristics of the terrain to bring them as close as possible to the optimal ones.
A soil that is too acid can in fact be corrected by breaking down substances of calcareous origin (calcium or magnesium carbonate), on the contrary, in the case of too alkaline soil, it will be necessary to add acidifying substances such as sulphates (calcium or calcium sulphate).
Another important aspect to take into consideration when designing our turf is the use to which this will be destined; a lawn for recreational use, which will be frequently exposed to foot traffic, must in fact have characteristics of resistance and elasticity not required of a lawn whose main function will be the aesthetic one, which must instead possess a particular quality of the mantle such as to appear dense, soft and with an intense green color.
Once all the features highlighted up to this point have been analyzed in detail, the operations necessary to prepare the ground for the seeds can be carried out.
The first thing to do after identifying the most suitable area for our purpose will be to proceed with a surface cleaning operation in order to eliminate all the coarse material (stones, stones, debris, etc.) that could hinder future processing, then continue, if there are weeds, with the administration of a total herbicide and, where necessary, with manual grubbing.
Lawn maintenance: Sowing
If the ground is covered by bushes or trees, in addition to the aerial part, the root systems must also be eliminated.
Once this operation has been completed, the soil can be tilled and worked at a depth not normally exceeding 60 cm, leaving the soil thus worked exposed to the action of atmospheric agents for the entire duration of the winter.
Once the soil has been cleared, it may be necessary to proceed with a new operation to clean any stones or debris that may have surfaced.
The next step towards the creation of our lawn is the realization of the drainage system; drainage is a technique thanks to which it is possible to drain excess water, preventing stagnation, in order to avoid negative situations such as insufficient aeration, an increase in the specific heat of the soil, the poor availability of oxygen for the essences sow or create an environment conducive to bacteria, parasites and fungi.
Drains can be divided essentially into two categories:
1. Underground: to be realized when the ground infiltration capacity does not guarantee sufficient natural drainage.
2. Superficial: they must be foreseen during the construction of the turf and allow the flow of water for superficial flow.
At this point, all that remains is to level the ground, using the rake or special machines, to give it the desired shape to create those slight slopes that will be necessary to favor the drainage of the water.
Our land, thus worked, is now finally ready to accept the essences we wish to sow: before starting sowing it is advisable to carefully choose the type of seed according to the climate and the intended use, let us remember in fact that the choice of the right essence to sow will decree in great percentage the success or failure of the construction of our lawn.
The seeds to be used are essentially divided into two categories:
1. Microterme species: with optimal radical activity at temperatures between 10 ° and 18 ° C. and good activity up to 24 ° C.
2. Macrothermal species: they reach optimal root development at temperatures between 24 ° and 32 ° C. Compared to the previous ones they have a higher resistance to high temperatures and a lower resistance to low ones, they present a slower growth, they are more subject to insect attacks and turn yellow in winter.
In our climates, the best period for sowing is between the end of summer and the beginning of autumn for microthermal essences, while for macrothermal essences, the most suitable period is undoubtedly the end of spring. It is also important that the sowing is carried out in the best possible climatic conditions, a condition that facilitates rapid development of the lawn, a greater ability to overcome adverse climatic conditions as well as greater resistance to weed settlement and the appearance of mosses.
Finally, it is essential to remember that to allow seed germination it is necessary that the soil temperature is at least a few degrees above zero, a control that can be easily implemented through the use of thermometers with soil probes.
At this point we can finally sow, making use of two main techniques: manual sowing, called "broadcutting", or sowing by means of special machinery (useful above all for large areas).
Let's see in detail the broadcutting sowing, which undoubtedly turns out to be the common one in the hobby field: first of all it is important to work on a day that is not windy and in completely dry soil conditions, the act of sowing must be performed with large arms movements and slow, trying not to leave empty spaces of land. To carry out a particularly accurate job it would be good to mix the seeds with a little sand, to make the distribution more uniform, and to spread them in half in one direction and in the other half in the exactly perpendicular sense.
At the end of the sowing operations, a series of terminal operations must be carried out in order to put the essences in the best conditions to favor germination:
· Burial of the seed, to be carried out by hand or with special instruments
· Ground cover with fine material (eg: sand)
· Light rolling to better match the seed to the soil and ensure faster and more uniform rooting
· Read and frequent watering to be carried out until the grass has completely emerged
· In case of sowing carried out in a non-optimal period it may be useful to add mulch to protect the essences from sudden temperature changes.
By following these simple rules it will not be difficult to get a lawn that is very close to the idea of the lawn of your dreams!
To help you make your lawn, CIFO has developed the specific GRANPRATO seed line, in which you can find the type of seed most suited to the characteristics of your soil.
The four types of seeds are of certified quality and are characterized by high yield, minimum maintenance and resistance to trampling.
If the soil is particularly exposed to the intensity of the sun's rays, it is necessary to use the CALDOSOLE seed, particularly suitable for lawns in sunny areas; for lawns in shaded areas it is instead advisable to use FRESCOMBRA seed.
The FORTEBELLO seed mixture is then available, whose main characteristic is that of being particularly resistant to trampling, thus making your lawn suitable for sports or recreational use.
Finally, the PRESTOVERDE seed is very suitable for restoring damaged lawn areas, since thanks to the rapid growth of the essence content, it will allow you to quickly recreate a uniform turf.
All four GRANPRATO seeds are of Italian origin and ENSE certified quality.
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