Fruit and Vegetables

Strawberry - Fragaria vesca

Strawberry - Fragaria vesca


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Generalitа


The fragaria vesca is a small perennial plant, 15-20 cm tall, native to Europe, Asia and North America. It forms small tufts of basal leaves, supported by single thin stems, the leaves are composed, consisting of three small oval leaves, of a bright green color, lighter and slightly pelosette on the lower page. In spring and late summer it produces small flowers, made up of five roundish petals, white or pinkish-white; in late spring and in summer they produce numerous small red fruits, dotted with seeds. Wild strawberries are edible and used to prepare jams and liqueurs, as well as in herbal medicine; in cultivation other varieties of fragaria are preferred, such as for example F. ananassa, a hybrid of North American and European species, with large-sized fruits and emafrodite flowers, and there are numerous hybrids, developed mainly to produce fruit for the table or for industry canning. There are also some spontaneously growing varieties, as is indeed the case fragaria vesca.

Exposure



Strawberries prefer fresh, sunny or semi-shady places if you want to get lots of fruit; they do not fear the cold even if particularly cold winters can completely dry up the aerial part of the plant, which will develop without problems the following spring; some species of strawberry grow wild in our forests. These plants like rather cool climates and, even if they are grown in greenhouses, it is good to check that they can have the necessary conditions for their best development. Although they tolerate the cold, they are plants that are greatly affected by late frosts and by the climate which is too hot and humid.

Watering



In spring water regularly, especially in case of prolonged drought; in summer it is possible to suspend the waterings, without harming the plants that have been planted for some years. Strawberries can also withstand short periods of drought, but young plants, as soon as they are placed at home, need to be watered abundantly, so that they develop quickly, leaving the soil to dry slightly between one watering and another. They do not like stagnant water, but they appreciate a soil that maintains a certain degree of humidity; for this reason it may be useful to resort to mulching material, which will also help to prevent the growth of weeds that would disturb the development of strawberries.

Ground



They prefer a soft and loose soil, fresh and moist, like the one present in the undergrowth, consisting of a good percentage of organic matter; for a better development of fruits it is good to enrich the soil each year with mature roganico fertilizer. Strawberries do not like too compact soils, which favor the presence of stagnant water and do not like calcareous substrates. They prefer lands with acid tendency.

Multiplication


The strawberry rhizomes produce numerous creeping stolons, at the end of each of which a new plant develops; these plants can be detached from the mother plant and cultivated as single plants; for a good production of fruits and a good development of the plants it is good to periodically provide for the uprooting of the new plants that are produced from year to year. The planting of strawberries must be done around the month of September, when there is still no danger of frost that could compromise the rooting.

Strawberry - Fragaria vesca: Pests and diseases



Generally the plants of fragaria vesca they do not get sick, although sometimes the leaves can be affected by rust or bad white; animals and insects are however very fond of fruits, which are consumed by snails and birds, in this second case it may be necessary to cover the rows of strawberries with nets. Even aphids and red spider mites can appear on the leaves of these plants; in this case it is good to intervene with natural based products, such as garlic or nettle macerated, to be sprayed on the plants to eliminate the presence of parasites.



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